List of Top Science Specialization Courses in Bangalore : Admission, Fees, Placements
The definition says that biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, with the other life sciences being its sub-disciplines. Now, this sub-discipline studies subjects like Zoology, Botany, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Microbiology, etc. Life science as a subject becomes important in order to know ourselves, and how our brain functions.
Many colleges and universities offer courses for Life Science where one can decide to either choose an Undergraduate program or a Postgraduate program. It is this discipline that involves each and every living organism on earth and their components like, cells, enzymes, proteins, neurotransmitters, genes, etc.
Biology is often referred to as Life Sciences. It has three major branches of study, namely, zoology, botany and microbiology. There are two ways to pursue courses in these fields of study. Let us understand in detail.
As mentioned earlier, Life Sciences can be pursued by undergoing two levels of formal education. The two beings:
Let us get into depth as to what the undergraduate courses have to offer:
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Biotechnology
Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology is a 3-year undergraduate program that refers to the study of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring by-products. It is a field of applied biology and specifically comes under Biotechnology course.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Microbiology
Bachelor of Science in Microbiology is an undergraduate program which is studied for 3 years. It is the study of microorganisms. Organisms which are microscopic, unicellular and cell-cluster, are all that this subject encompasses. It includes subjects like Bacteriology, Mycology, Biochemistry, Parasitology, etc.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Genetics
Bachelor of Science in Genetics is a 3-year undergraduate program that studies the science of heredity. It also studies the fluctuations and variations in living organisms which again is related to the traits that have been passed on from one generation to the other.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Biochemistry
Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry is the area of science that studies the chemical processes taking place within a living organism. It is a 3-year undergraduate program where the minutest characteristics of the organisms and their biological processes are taught.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Bioinformatics
Bachelor of Science in Bioinformatics is an undergraduate program that comes under the Bioinformatics course. This course is pursued for 3 years. It is that field of science where the application of statistics and computer science is used in the field of molecular biology.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Forensic Medicine
Bachelor of Science in Forensic Medicine is the field of science that uses the application of scientific knowledge for the investigation of crimes. It is a 3-year undergraduate program where students are taught to apply their scientific knowledge with the help of the evidence found while investigating a crime.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Toxicology
Bachelor of Science in Toxicology is an undergraduate program of 3-years that studies the ways in which a chemical can affect living organisms. It also teaches students to identify the chemical or rather the poison and the treatment to it. It is that science that makes people aware of the harmful poisons affecting our everyday lives.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Food Science
Bachelor of Science in Food Science specifically deals with all the aspects related to food. It is a 3-year undergraduate program that includes everything a student should know about food, starting from slaughtering, gathering or butchering and consumption byways of cooking.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Nutrition
Bachelor of Science in Nutrition is an undergraduate program studied for 3-years. It is a course that is related to Nutrition and Dietetics course. This course focuses on the nourishment of the body and the necessary nutrients required to support life in the organisms.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Entomology
Bachelor of Science in Entomology is actually an Agriculture course. It is an undergraduate program for 3 years which studies the scientific study of insects and its related organisms. Its curriculum is divided into four specializations- professional/basic sciences, biology education, plant protection and urban pest management.
Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Dietetics
Bachelor of Science in Dietetics is a 3-year undergraduate program that studies about food management, promotion of health through healthy food, and also focus on the relationship between food and body. As nourishment is primary to the body, it studies the importance of the body.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Biotechnology
Master of Science in Biotechnology is a postgraduate program of Biotechnology for 2 years. In this course, detailed information is provided to students regarding the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring by-products.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Biological Macromolecules
Master of Science in Biological Macromolecules is a postgraduate 2-year degree course that specifically studies about molecules, how individual constituent molecules of macromolecules known as monomer are used, polymerization and many more.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Applied Medical Sciences
Master of Science in Applied Sciences is a postgraduate course of 2 years which is interdisciplinary in nature. It includes the understanding of working out medicines for patients. It helps students to become a great scientist along with the understanding of medicine.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Neurobiology
Master of Science in Neurobiology is a postgraduate level course for 2 years. It studies the cells of the nervous system and the organization of the cells into functional circuits that process information and mediate behaviour.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Food Science
Master of Science in Food Science is a postgraduate degree studied for 2 years. It is a food processing course that is concerned with the technical aspects of food, beginning with harvesting/slaughtering and finally ending with the cooking and consumption.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Nutrition
Master of Science in Nutrition is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course that has been mainly designed to critically evaluate through the integration of nutrition, dietetics and research. It emphasises on the understanding of the importance of nourishment in the human body.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Microbiology
Master of Science in Microbiology is a 2-year advanced postgraduate degree that combines Chemistry and Biology for the investigation of the living system and their relationship with the environment. It also covers the study of microorganisms and their effects on humans.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Genetics
Master of Science in Genetics is a postgraduate degree taken for 2 years that primarily deals with the study of animals, plants and human beings. It covers the discipline of biology, the science of genes, with gene behaviour in the context of a cell organism.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Biochemistry
Master of Science in Biochemistry is a full-time postgraduate degree that is conducted for 2 years and that consists of 4 semesters. This subject is also known as Biological Chemistry. These two years, it mainly focuses on the study of chemical processes in living organisms.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Bioinformatics
Master of Science in Bioinformatics is a postgraduate degree course that is taken up for 2 years. Students who pursue this course often works as a researcher under the discipline of Molecular Biology that also applies Information Technology in order to manage large databases.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Forensic Medicine
Master of Science in Forensic Medicine is a postgraduate discipline that studies scientific ways and means to carry out an investigation. It also helps to proceed towards a definite path to analyse situations as to what happened before, after and at the time of the crime.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Toxicology
Master of Science in Toxicology is a postgraduate degree conducted for 2 years and that is divided into 4 semesters. It is the study where the students are taught about the positive and negative effects of toxins. The harmful toxins faced on a regular basis are also taken into consideration to preserve the environment.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Entomology
Master of Science in Entomology is a postgraduate 2-year degree course that specialises in Molecular biology of infectious diseases and also brushes the skills in all aspects of major vector-borne diseases. It includes theoretical and practical training in Biology and also about the control of diseases.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Dietetics
Master of Science in Dietetics is a 2-year postgraduate course that teaches about the components of food, medicine and chemistry, focusing on the good and bad effects of alimentation on the human body.
Master of Science (M.Sc) Immunology
Master of Science in Immunology is a postgraduate degree conducted for 2 years that studies physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system. It studies the organisms immune system.
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Biotechnology||Passing 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology and an aggregate of 60% in all the three subjects|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Microbiology||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with an aggregate of 55% marks|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Genetics||Passing 10+2 in Science stream from a recognized board with an aggregate of 55% marks|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Biochemistry||Passing 10+2 in Science stream from a recognized board with an aggregate of 55% marks|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Bioinformatics||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the core subjects |
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Forensic Medicine||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and/or Math as the main subject with an aggregate 55% marks |
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Toxicology||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with Biology/Mathematics and a minimum of aggregate 50% marks|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Food Science||Passing 10+2 in Arts/Science or Commerce from a recognized university with an aggregate of 45% marks|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Nutrition||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the core subjects and a minimum aggregate of 50% marks|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Entomology||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|Bachelors of Science (B.Sc) Dietetics||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the core subjects and a minimum aggregate of 50% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Biotechnology||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the core subjects and a minimum aggregate of 50% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Biological Macromolecules||Passing Bachelor degree in Physics/Biology with Mathematics in 10+2/Bioinformatics/Chemistry or Biotechnology|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Applied Medical Sciences||Passing Bachelor degree in Science/Medicine/Technology or another relevant discipline with Biological Sciences & Chemistry as the main subject|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Neurobiology||Passing Bachelor degree in Biology/Biotechnology/Biochemistry/Neurobiology/Neuroscience/Zoology/MBBS with 55% aggregate marks from a recognized university|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Food Science||Passing B.Sc in Food Science or any other relevant discipline with an aggregate of 55% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Nutrition||Passing Graduation from any recognized university with an aggregate 50% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Microbiology||Passing B.Sc in any Science subject from a recognized university|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Genetics||Passing B.Sc in any Science subject from a recognized university|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Biochemistry||Passing Bachelor degree with an aggregate of 55% marks in Chemistry, Biochemistry, Botany, Zoology, Microbiology and other Life Sciences subject|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Bioinformatics||Passing graduation in B.Sc/B.Phar./BHMS/BDS/BAMS/MBBS with an aggregate score of 55% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Forensic Medicine||Passing graduation degree in Engineering, Pharmacy, Criminology, Forensic Science with an aggregate score of 45-55% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Toxicology||Passing a Bachelor degree in any relevant subject from a recognized university|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Entomology||Passing graduation in any of the sciences, MBBS, B.Tech and a minimum aggregate of 50% marks|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Dietetics||Passing graduation from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 50%|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) Immunology||Passing graduation from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 50%|
Placement And Career
Life Sciences such as Botany, Zoology, Medicine and more offers many career opportunities. Even reputed companies come for placements in the colleges and universities to give brilliant minds a chance to explore the real world.
Some of the career options available for students after completing their Undergraduate and Postgraduate programs are as follows:
Clinical Research Associate
Computational biologist and many more
The students who manage to excel in their skills and practice are sure and certain to get good placements. Top recruiters come to colleges and universities to select the best among the lot. Following are the names of the top recruiters that provide placements:
Bosch Limited and many more
Biomedical Scientist: This job requires to examine medical samples. And these samples may be blood and tissue. They need to examine the minute details that might cause a change in the body.
Biochemist: This job is related to the chemistry of the body. They minutely investigate the chemical processes of life at the molecular level and they with the help of their knowledge they try to solve the biological issues.
Microbiologist: The microbiologist studies the biology and chemistry of the microbes. They basically work in the field of agriculture, food production, water industry, medicine and pharmaceuticals.
Bioinformatician: A bioinformatician deals with the software tools and methods to understand the biological data.
Industrial Pharmacist: They are involved in the safe and effective use of drugs and medicines. They need to undergo thorough research, marketing and clinical trials to have the drug registered.
Computational Biologist: This job role requires the application of data-analytical and theoretical methods, mathematical modelling and computational simulation to the study of biological, behavioural and social systems.
Biotechnologist: They combine biology with technology. They basically work in areas of health care, pharmaceutical and chemical industries by using the knowledge of biology to solve problems.
Life Sciences deals with subjects that are directly or indirectly to Biology and living beings in general. Hence the term ‘Life’ is added as a prefix.
There are plenty of career options for graduates of Life Sciences. WIth emerging technologies such as Biotechnology And Genetics, there is an increase in demand for graduates from these courses.
Life Sciences is one of the fields that has seen a sudden surge in development due to a host of factors such as environmental issues and advancement in technology such as Bioinformatics. As a result, there are tremendous opportunities in research with both governmental and private institutions funding it.
Along with Information Technology, India is fast emerging as one of the leading hubs in the fields of Biotechnology and related fields. Many businesses have invested hugely in the field creating a huge demand for skilled professions in Life Sciences.
India is home to some of the finest colleges in Life Sciences. Some of them are St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, Christ University, Bangalore, Chandigarh University, Chandigarh, Ramjas College, New Delhi, and Fergusson College, Pune.