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Recognition And Approval

Schools, colleges, and universities offer a structured course-curriculum for the courses or fields offered by them. These courses need to be approved or regulated by a body that invests in that field of study. 

The regulatory bodies oversee the course’s status and level of education in the particular field of study and ensure that it’s being done in the best possible manner. They also work towards the development of these fields by introducing new techniques and strategies. 

Recognition or approvals from these bodies is paramount, and the institution's degrees shall only hold if it’s being done in the right way. Students shall only go for these schools, colleges, and universities if these bodies accredit them.  

Below is the list of bodies that provide recognition and approvals in their field of study:

National Medical Commission (NMC):

NMC full form is The National Medical Commission. It was constituted as a result of an Act of Parliament, the National Medical Commission Act, 2019. It replaced the earlier functional Medical Council of India (MCI) on 25th September, 2020. The commission is responsible for regulating medical education and professionals in the country. 

Apart from regulation, it grants recognition for medical qualifications and accreditation to medical schools. NMC (National Medical Commission) also registers medical practitioners under it and scrutinizes India’s state of medical practice and infrastructure.

Medical Courses That are Regulated by NMC:

  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
  • Doctorate of Medicine (DM)
  • Master of Chirurgiae (M.Ch)
  • Doctor of Medicine (MD)
  • Master of Surgery (MS)
Dental Council of India (DCI):

DCI full form is The Dental Council of India and was constituted on 12th April, 1949 as a Statutory Body, under The Dentists Act, 1948. It was formed to regulate dental courses and colleges in the country. Its main objective is to upgrade and maintain high undergraduate and postgraduate dental education standards in the country. 

DCI, India also sets that standard curriculum for Dentists, Dental Hygienists, and Dental Mechanics' training procedures and ensure that they meet the prescribed Dental Ethics. Dental Council of India registration should also be done by Dental Professionals and recognizes the Dental Degrees awarded by the Dental Colleges and Universities in India. 

Dental Courses That are Regulated by the DCI:

  • Bachelor of Dental Sciences (BDS)
  • Master of Dental Sciences (MDS)
Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH):

The Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH) was founded in 1973 by the Government of India. It is a statutory body under the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India. It is a regulatory body that overlooks the Homoeopathy Course Curriculum and the registration of Homoeopathy Practitioners in the country. 

Homoeopathy Colleges in India have to register themselves with the CCH and the degrees handed by them have to be recognized by the CCH. Its objective is to maintain the highest standards of homoeopathy practice in the country. 

Homoeopathy Courses that are regulated by the CCH:

  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS)
  • Doctor of Medicine (MD) Homoeopathy
Indian Nursing Council (INC):

The Indian Nursing Council was constituted as an autonomous body under the Government of India. It was established under the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947. INC acts as a regulatory body for Nursing Courses, Nursing Colleges, Nursing Practices, and Nurses in India. 

Nursing colleges have to get approval from INC before awarding degrees in this field. The degrees have to be recognized by INC. The regulatory body ensures that the best practices are followed in this field. 

Nursing Courses That are Regulated by INC:

  • General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) Nursing
  • Post Certificate Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) Nursing
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) Nursing
Pharmacy Council of India (PCI):

The Pharmacy Council of India is a statutory body under the Government of India that was established in the year 1948. It was constituted under the Pharmacy Act, 1948. The main objective of PCI is to regulate Pharmacy Education in India. 

In addition to regulating pharmacy education in the country, it also looks into the registration of pharmacists under the Pharmacy Act. It ensures that pharmacy practices in the country meet the highest standards and give out the best results. 

Pharmacy Courses That are Regulated by PCI:

  • Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm)
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)
  • Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD)
  • Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm)
All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE):

The All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) is a statutory body under the Government of India. It was established in 1988 under the AICTE Act, 1987. It regulates and manages technical and management courses in India. The body grants approvals to few undergraduate and postgraduate courses of colleges and universities. 

Other than regulation, it also promotes the quality of technical education in India with proper planning and development. It also ensures that colleges and universities maintain appropriate norms and standards that offer technical courses. 

Courses that are regulated by the AICTE:

  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
  • Master of Technology (M.Tech)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM)
Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA):

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is a statutory body under the Government of India. The body is an attached office under the Ministry of Civil Aviation. It is the regulatory body in the field of Civil Aviation that regulates Aviation Operations in the country. 

Apart from regulating Civil Aviation operations in the country, the body also regulates Civil Aviation Education in the country. Institutions that offer courses related to aviation have to be approved by the DGCA. They work towards upgrading the state of aviation in the country by introducing new courses and practices.  

Courses That are Regulated by the DGCA: 

  • Aircraft Maintenance Engineering Courses
  • Commercial Pilot Courses
Bar Council of India (BCI):

The Bar Council of India is a statutory body that was established in 1961 by the Parliament. The body represents the Indian Bar and performs regulatory functions in the field of law. The body ensures that the standards for professional conduct are maintained by lawyers in the country and possesses the power to exercise disciplinary actions against them in case of misconduct. 

The Bar Council of India also regulates Legal Education in India and grants recognition to Universities and Colleges offering legal education in India. It ensures that the highest standards are maintained in legal education. All universities and colleges offering law programs are required to to be approved by the Bar Council of India (BCI). 

Legal Courses that are regulated by the Bar Council of India:

  • Bachelor of Arts - Bachelor of Legislative Law (BA LLB)
  • Bachelor of Business Administration - Bachelor of Legislative Law (BBA LLB)
  • Bachelor of Commerce - Bachelor of Legislative Law (B.Com LLB)
  • Bachelor of Legislative Law (LLB)
  • Master of Legislative Law (LLM)
National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE):

The National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) is a statutory body under the Government of India. The body was established on 17th August, 1995 under the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993. It acts as a regulatory body for teaching education in India. 

It regulates the teaching courses in colleges and universities in the country. The body ensures that the highest standard of education is maintained in the country by increasing the level of teachers by infusing new methods, courses, and practices. 

Education Courses That are Regulated by the NCTE:

  • Diploma in Education (D.Ed)
  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)
  • Master of Education (M.Ed)
  • Trained Teachers Certificate (TTC)
Directorate General of Shipping (DGS):

The Directorate General of Shipping was established in 1949 and is an attached office of the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways. The body regulates Maritime Administration, Maritime Education and Training, Development of Shipping Industry and other related subjects and processes in the country. 

The Directorate General of Shipping is also responsible for upgrading the quality of maritime functions in the country. All maritime institutions, in the country, have to be aapproved by the Directorate General of Shipping. The degree awarded by these institutions has to be recognized by the Directorate General of Shipping.

Courses that are regulated by the Directorate General of Shipping:

  • Marine Engineering
  • Nautical Sciences
Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR):

The Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous body under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. It was established on 16th July, 1929. It regulates and oversees agriculture education, research and development, and welfare processes across the country. 

The body regulates the curriculum of 101 Agricultural Institutions and 71 Agricultural Universities in the country. This makes it one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world. ICAR ensures that the highest standards of agricultural education are maintained in the country to ensure the dynamic growth of one of the most critical sectors of our country. 

Courses That are Regulated by ICAR:

Below are the courses that are regulated by the ICAR:

Undergraduate Agriculture Courses:

B.Sc. in Agriculture
B.Sc. in Agronomy
B.Sc. in Dairy Science
B.Sc. in Plant Science
B.Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology
B.Sc. in Agriculture and Food Science
B.Sc. in Horticulture
B.Sc. in Fisheries Science
B.Sc. in Plant Pathology
B.Sc. in Forestry
B.Sc. in Crop Physiology
B.Sc. in Agricultural Marketing Co-Operation
B.Sc. in Sericulture
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Postgraduate Agriculture Courses:

M.Sc. in Agriculture
M.Sc. in Dairy Science
M.Sc. in Agriculture Botany
M.Sc. in Plant Science
M.Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology
M.Sc. in Agriculture and Food Science
M.Sc. in Horticulture
M.Sc. in Fisheries Science
M.Sc. in Plant Pathology
M.Sc. in Forestry
M.Sc. in Sericulture
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Doctorate Agriculture Courses:

PhD (Agriculture)
PhD (Agriculture Biotechnology)
PhD (Agriculture Entomology)
PhD (Horticulture)
PhD (Agriculture Economics)
PhD (Agronomy)
PhD (Genetics & Plant Breeding)
PhD. In Plant Pathology
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Council of Architecture (COA):

The Council of Architecture (COA) is a body that has been constituted under the Government of India. It was established in 1972 under the Architects Act, 1972 which came into force on 1st September, 1972. The body looks into the Registration of Architects and regulating the Standards of Architectural Education. 

Apart from a regulatory body, it also oversees the practices of the profession in the country. It ensures that the best practices and ethics of the profession are maintained in this field through innovation and research. Architectural colleges have to be aapproved to the Council of Architecture and their degrees have to be recognized by the body. 

Architectural Courses that are Regulated by the COA:

  • Diploma in Architecture (D.Arch)
  • Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)
  • Master of Architecture (M.Arch)
Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP):

The Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP) is a Non-Profit and Non-Governmental Organisation. It is registered under Indian Society Act, 1955. The body represents the interests of Indian Physiotherapists at National and International Level. 

Apart from being a representative body of Indian Physiotherapists, IAP also serves as a regulatory body for the physiotherapy education being provided in the country. They ensure that the highest standards of Indian Physiotherapists are maintained through good education and innovation in the field. 

Physiotherapy Courses That are Regulated by IAP:

  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
  • Master of Physiotherapy (MPT)
Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM):

The Central Council of Indian Medicine is a statutory body that was constituted in 1971 under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970, AYUSH Ministry. The body has been framing and implementing regulations for the Indian Systems of Medicine, i.e. Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Tibb for both undergraduate and postgraduate courses.  

The body is responsible for regulating the state of education in this field. It also ensures that the best practices are followed in imparting education in this field. It tries to bring in more innovation into this traditional field by changing the course-curriculum and dynamic research processes. 

Courses That are Regulated by the Central Council of Indian Medicine:

  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
  • Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Sciences (BNYS)
  • Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS)
  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
  • Postgraduate Courses in Ayurveda
  • Postgraduate Courses in Unani
  • Postgraduate Courses in Siddha
Veterinary Council of India (VCI):

The Veterinary Council of India (VCI) was established under the Indian Veterinary Council Act, 1984. The body is responsible for ensuring the best veterinary practices in the country. The body regulates the standards of Veterinary Education and registers the Indian Veterinarians.  

It ensures that the quality of Indian Veterinary is maintained at the highest standards by introducing new courses and techniques. All the veterinary colleges and universities in Indian have to be approved by the Veterinary Council of India and the degrees provided by them have to be recognized by the body. 

Veterinary Courses Regulated by the Veterinary Council of India:

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc)
  • Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Veterinary
Indian Confederation for Healthcare Accreditation (ICHA):

Indian Confederation for Healthcare Accreditation (ICHA) is a Not-for-Profit Organisation that is incorporated as a Section 25 Company. ICHA’s main objective is to strengthen the health infrastructure of our country using dynamic accreditations as a tool. 

At present, all Medical Science Institutions and Practitioners have registered with ICHA. 

The healthcare associations and institutions, registered with the ICHA, are all recognized bodies in the field of medical sciences. 

All India Management Association (AIMA):

The All India Management Association (AIMA) is the apex body for management studies in India. The body has over 38,000 Members and 6000 Institutional Members. It also has 66 Local Management Associations affiliated to it. 

AIMA is a not-for-profit organisation that collaborates with the Industry, the Government, subject-matter experts, and students to improve the quality of management education and profession in India. It contributes to the growth of management education by offering various growth-oriented programs to institutions and bodies. 

AIMA aims at bringing the management practices and techniques to the managers in the country. The body does it by collaborating with many professional bodies and institutions. It also looks over management education in the country and introduces dynamic strategies to improve it. 

AIMA is also a member of the Asian Association of Management Organisations (AAMO), which promotes professional management in the Asia-Pacific Region.

Association of Indian Universities (AIU):

The Association of Indian Universities (AIU) was earlier known as the Inter-University Board, which was established in 1925. The association aims to work as a bureau of information that facilitates coordination and communication amongst universities. It also acts as a bridge between the Universities and the Government and discusses and co-operates on matters of common interests. 

Apart from the above, AIU also acts as the representative of Indian Universities. It aims to promote and undertake programs that help to improve the standard of education in universities. 

AIU facilitates student mobility and exchange of members of teaching and research staff between renowned universities. It helps universities collaborate with the Foreign Universities that help the Indian counterparts develop themselves and match global standards for dynamic opportunities. 

University Grants Commission (UGC):

The University Grants Commission (UGC) is a statutory body under the Government of India. It was formed under the UGC Act, 1956. The body ensures the coordination, determination, and maintenance of growth-oriented standards in higher education universities in the country. The body recognizes universities and colleges in India and also disburses essential funds to these institutions. 

UGC also acts as a virtual link for Central and State Governments with Indian Universities. The body also recognizes the degrees that are being offered by the colleges. Apart from recognizing full-time degrees, it also recognizes the Distance Education and Part-time degrees offered by the colleges. 

UGC recognized Academic Streams:

  • Arts
  • Science
  • Commerce
National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC):

The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous body of the UGC. It was established in 1994. The autonomous conducts assessments and accreditation of Higher Education Colleges and Universities in India. It released the “Quality Status” of the Universities and Colleges by assessing them according to various parameters. 

NAAC assesses the institutions based on the following parameters:

  • Educational processes and outcomes of the structure
  • Coverage of the prescribed course-curriculum
  • Teaching methodology
  • Quality of faculty
  • Research and development activities
  • Infrastructure
  • Learning resources provided
  • Organisation and governance
  • Financial well-being
  • Services provided for the students

Colleges and universities are awarded grades based on the assessment done by NAAC. 

National Board of Accreditation (NBA):

The National Board of Accreditation (NBA) was earlier established by the AICTE in 1994 and was under it until 7th January 2010, when it was awarded an independent autonomous status. NBA’s main objectives are to assure the quality-level and relevancy of technical courses offered in the country. 

Below is a list of those technical courses:

  • Engineering and Technology, Management
  • Architecture
  • Pharmacy
  • Hotel Management and Catering Technology

NBA deploys the mechanism of accreditation for the technical programs offered by the colleges and universities. It evaluates the colleges and universities through prescribed assessment parameters. 

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE):

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) was established in 1962. The main objective of the board is to serve the educational needs of the country efficiently and dynamically. They have to serve the educational needs of students in Junior, Secondary, and High School. 

CBSE regulates and manages the course-curriculum for 21,271 schools in India and 228 schools in 25 foreign countries. The affiliated schools follow the guidelines and policies of the board when it comes to imparting education in any of the required fields. The board also regulates the Class 10 and 12 final examinations that are conducted every year. 

CBSE focuses on providing the best form of education to the students by being more student-centric, holistic, and growth-oriented. It looks into improving the quality of education by implementing innovative strategies and programs for all stakeholders. 

Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE):

The Council for Indian School of Certificate Examinations (CISCE) registered in December, 1967. It was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. CISCE is focused on serving the nation’s educational needs through dynamic educational endeavours and empowering students to march towards excellence. 

Indian has over 2,200 schools which are affiliated to CISCE. It coordinates the educational needs of students at Junior, Secondary, and High School level at these schools. It is responsible for regulating the course-structure in these schools and ensures that the education level matches the set standards for excellence. 

CISCE also oversees the Class 10 and 12 final examinations that are conducted in these schools. It aims to transform the state of education in these schools with dynamic programs and courses that elevate the student's level.

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