Architecture simply means designing buildings and other infrastructural facilities. It’s also distinct from civil engineering, which is all about construction.
Architecture is an old science, perhaps as old as civilisation itself when humans first came together and started living socially. Look at all the old architecture forms and you’ll know that architecture was inspired and influenced by the early human settlements along the banks of major rivers.
Almost every country today has an architecture that’s starkly different and diverse from others.
As a profession, architecture is highly rewarding in terms of money as well as respect.
Diploma in Architecture is a 3-year diploma course. It deals with the construction and design of buildings. Candidates will have to sit for the entrance test in order to pursue their diploma course in Architecture.
Bachelor of Architecture
There are various undergraduate architecture courses in India. Following are some of the architecture courses.
- B.Arch (Architecture and Regional Planning)
Bachelor of Architecture in Architecture and Regional Planning is an undergraduate course. This course is of 3 years duration. Candidates are able to be employed both in the private and government sector.
- B.Arch (Building and Construction Management)
Bachelor of Architecture in Building and Construction Management is an undergraduate course. The duration of the course is 5 years. Many colleges and institutes in India offer this course. It studies the management aspects and supervision techniques that are specific to the building industry.
- B.Arch (Interior Design)
Bachelor of Architecture in Interior Design is an undergraduate Fashion and Interior Designing course. This course is covered within 5 years. It is the study of organizing, managing and planning the interior of homes and various private and public spaces.
- B.Arch (Landscape Architecture)
Bachelor of Architecture in Landscape Architecture is an undergraduate-level course. Thi course is covered within a 5 years tenure. It helps to provide landscape planning, design and management services to improve and protect the natural and artificial environments.
Bachelor of Planning is an undergraduate level program. It is a 4 years full-time degree course. This program provides the basic knowledge, skills and technique required by professional planners. It helps them to resolve challenges in a planned manner.
- B.Sc in Residential Space Design and Management
Bachelor of Science in Residential Space Design and Management is a graduate program. This is a 3-year degree course. This course is designed to plan students to innovate and create private as well as public spaces like hotels, corporate spaces, residential spaces etc.
- B.Tech (Ultra & Regional Planning)
Bachelor of Technology in Ultra and Regional Planning is an undergraduate program that is provided by many engineering colleges. This course is covered within a span of 4 years. This course helps students to get employment in real estate and town planning.
- Bachelor of Construction Technology
Bachelor of Construction Technology is an undergraduate-level course. This Construction Technology program is covered in 4 years. This course covers heavy oil, commercial, and residential fields. Candidates will have to be well advanced in subjects like Computer Technology, Mathematics, Business and other general subjects.
Master of Architecture
Master of Architecture is a two-year advanced programme for architects aimed at designing and urban planning as well as construction. Following are the post-graduate courses in Architecture:
- M.Arch (Advanced Design)
Master of Architecture in Advanced Design is a post-graduate level course. This is a 2-year program that provides an experimental approach to research and architectural design. It helps students to enhance their architectural skills and improve their practice in both urban and rural settings.
- M.Arch (Architectural and Settlement Conservation)
Master of Architecture in Architectural and Settlement Conservation is a postgraduate degree course. This is a 2-year degree course in the field of Architecture. It helps to address special issues like heritage resources, heritage cities, cultural landscapes etc.
- M.Arch (Architectural Conservation)
Master of Architecture in Architectural Conservation is a full-time postgraduate degree course. This course is covered within the timeframe of 2 years. This program aims to train architects in tackling conversational issues at the planning level. It helps them to interpret and analyse the responsibilities in a professional manner.
- M.Arch (Computer Applications)
Master of Architecture in Computer Applications is a postgraduate course. This program is covered in 2 years. It motivates students to practice design through methods and representations and also imply technologies on the built environment, social and cultural settlement.
- M.Arch (Construction Management)
Master of Architecture in Construction Management is a postgraduate program in Construction Management course. It is a full-time 2-year course that studies about the planning, coordination and control of a project and also aims at the completion of the project to meet the client and designer’s need.
|B.Arch (Architecture and Regional Planning)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|B.Arch (Building and Construction Management)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|B.Arch (Interior Design)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with minimum 50% marks|
|B.Arch (Landscape Architecture)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|B.Plan||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|B.Sc in Residential Space Design and Management||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|B.Tech (Ultra & Regional Planning)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board|
|M.Arch (Advanced Design)||Passing Bachelor of Architecture with a minimum of 45% marks|
|M.Arch (Architectural and Settlement Conservation)||Passing Bachelor of Architecture with a minimum of 45% marks|
|M.Arch (Architectural Conservation)||Passing Bachelor of Architecture with a minimum of 45% marks|
|M.Arch (Computer Applications)||Passing Bachelor of Architecture with a minimum of 45% marks|
|M.Arch (Construction Management)||Passing Bachelor of Architecture with a minimum of 45% marks|
|Bachelor of Construction Technology||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with minimum 55% marks|
Placement And Career
Placement in the field of Architecture has a wide scope. Interested students who pursue Architectural courses have an ample number of opportunities. Engineer and architects in the field of structural, mechanical, electrical, construction or other engineering fields of building.
Following are some of the career opportunities for students completing Architecture courses;
- Architectural and Engineering Managers
- Civil Engineers
- Landscape Architects
- Construction Managers
- Interior Designers
The architectural industry has renowned recruiters coming to institutions for placements. Some of them are:
- Aerotek, Inc
- Lloyd Staffing
- Gilian Executive Search, Inc
- Orion Resources LLC
- CSR Tech Services
- Interior Talent, Inc
Some of the career paths that Architecture students can choose from are:
- Architect: Architects help in the supervision of the construction process, resolving any challenging issues, managing the environmental projects and also consulting other professionals in case of any emergency while completing the project.
- Interior and Spatial Designer: These set of professionals are responsible for giving shape to private and public spaces with their expertise and skill set. Be it a commercial or domestic setting, these professionals have to build up the spaces according to the client’s desires.
- Building Surveyor: The role and responsibility of a Building Surveyor are to conserve, modify, fix, renovate and restore existing buildings and construction settings. It is their duty to maintain the sustainability of the building and keep the buildings in good condition.
- Structural Engineer: These set of engineers are likely to act like architects but with great knowledge of mathematics and science in order to compete with the environmental factors to sustain a constructed building. They are required to choose the right materials to meet design specifications.
- Architectural Technologist: These technicians use engineering skills, science and knowledge to create sustainable creations. Computer-aided-design and traditional drawing design techniques are used by architectural technologists. These skills are used by technicians to address the technical issues of the clients.
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.)
Master of Architecture (M.Arch.) Urban Design
Master of Architecture (M.Arch) Landscape
Diploma in Architecture
Master of Architecture (M.Arch)
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Architecture
Master of Architecture (M.Arch) Construction and Project Management
Master of Planning (M.Plan) Urban Design, Sustainability and Conservation
Bachelor of Planning (B. Plan)
Diploma in Wood Design and Production
Diploma in Glass Design and Production
Diploma in Fabric Designing, Printing and Production
Diploma in Clay Modelling and Sculpture
Diploma in Art and Craft - Teacher Education Program
While civil engineers are involved with the construction of a variety of structures such as roads, hydro-electricity projects, and other infrastructure, architects mainly deal with buildings such as houses, office spaces, museums, etc.
No. There is no formal requirement to have an academic background in design to pursue a course in architecture. The curriculum in the bachelor’s programme includes elements of design.
Yes. Graduates can start their private practice as independent architects. However, it is advisable to work under a seasoned professional before starting a private practice
Although students of architecture study fundamentals of structural analysis and related topics, they are more concerned with design aspects and it’s up to the engineers to come up with solutions that comply with the laws of physics
Graduates of an architecture course can pursue other career options such as landscape architects, urban and town planners, and ‘green building’ consultants.