Education is the process of facilitating and imparting the best form of study, be it formal or informal. It is considered as one of the strongest pillars of democracy. Be it rural or urban, education is a must in order to develop the world for a better place to live in. It teaches skills, values, beliefs and habits.
Some governments and even the United Nations have made Right to Education a compulsory practice up to a certain age. The method of teaching is known as pedagogy. And with the help of this teaching, it is possible to create a developed world where youths would hold a stand to make a bright future.
Education can be imparted in a number of ways. There are institutes who specialize in providing the best educational techniques to different groups of students. The following section deals with the types of courses available to students who wish to take a formal course on teaching.
There are 3 types of courses available to take a formal course on teaching:
Teachers Training Course (TTC)
Teacher Training Course (TTC) is an undergraduate program for 2 years. Students aspiring to be teachers in the future can opt for this course as it will enable them to be skilled in the art of teaching.
Diploma in Education (D.Ed)
Diploma in Education (D.Ed) is a Diploma level Education programme that makes the candidate eligible to become nursery school teachers. It means that it would cater to elementary level education in India. Aspiring students who want their career in the field of teaching should apply for this course.
Diploma in Physical Education (D.P.Ed)
Diploma in Physical Education is an undergraduate diploma course that includes topics like coaching and training, physical fitness, outdoor activities, and adventure. In this course, students learn about different types of adventure.
Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)
Bachelor of Education or simply B.Ed. is a 2-year Bachelor?s degree course. The prime aim of this course is to train students to become teachers. The candidates should have a Bachelor?s degree from a recognized institute to get enrolled in this course. The course curriculum includes both core courses and pedagogy courses.
Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed)
B.P.Ed (Bachelor of Physical Education) is an undergraduate degree course which is the right pick for students having a deep interest in sports and related activities. The course is typical of three to four years duration. This course can be pursued as a full-time or part-time course. This course gives a number of job opportunities and a variety of career options.
Masters of Education (M.Ed)
A Master's Degree in Education (M.Ed) is a postgraduate course for candidates who want to opt for their career in teaching or already is in the field. One can also start their career as an administrator after fulfilling the eligibility criteria and increasing the level of education.
Masters of Physical Education (M.P.Ed)
M.P.Ed (Master of Physical Education) is a 2-year duration postgraduate course which basically covers the areas such as sports-related activities and deals with subjects such as sports science, sports medicine, exercise physiology, etc. For admission, the candidates shall be evaluated by an entrance test which will be followed by a physical test.
|Teachers Training Course (TTC)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with 45% aggregate marks|
|Diploma in Education (D.Ed)||Passing 10+2 in Arts/Science from a recognized board with 55% marks|
|Diploma in Physical Education (D.P.Ed)||Passing 10+2 from a recognized board with 50% aggregate marks|
|Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)||Passing 10+2 either in aRTS/Science/Commerce from a recognized board with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks|
|Bachelor in Physical Education (B.P.Ed)||Passing 10+2 in Arts/Science from a recognized board with 50% marks|
|Master in Education (M.Ed)||Passing B.Ed from a recognized university with 50% aggregate marks|
|Master in Physical Education (M.P.Ed)||Passing B.P.Ed from a recognized university with a minimum of 50% marks|
Placement And Career
Master of Education gives a better understanding of dealing with the students and the issues that can be addressed through teaching. So, the colleges and universities hold placements within their campuses to make sure that they get a channel to make their work worth experiencing. Many companies, industries as well as projects come to hire students to make them a medium of change in the society.
Some of the career opportunities that students of Education can undergo are as follows:
Content Writer and many more
Some of the recruiters, that are also international, that hire students who have completed their B.Ed or M.Ed are as follows:
Oxford English Academy
The Learning Curve
Jilin Agricultural University
Santamaria and many more
Following are the career paths that one can choose from if he/she has completed their D.Ed, B.Ed and M.Ed:
School Teacher: B.Ed is the minimum qualification for those who want to be a school teacher. There are different levels at which one can be a school teacher. They are- primary, secondary and senior secondary level.
Private Tutors: Teaching as a profession is growing to a considerable extent. It is seen that females choose this profession more than males. They conduct classes either at their own space or by visiting the students? homes.
Education Consultant: Most of the institutes have opened up a sector where an Education consultant plays a major role. They need to guide students if they get stuck in their education path.
Principal: A Principal of a school or college is someone who has the authority and the responsibility to keep a check on the students? education life.
Counselor: Schools and colleges have counselors so that students can discuss their educational doubts as well as personal issues.
Content Writers: They might work either for the print media or electronic media. Even educational journals hire students who have expertise in their field.
Online Tutors: Nowadays, in this tech-savvy world, students opt to learn over the internet. So online tutors are available who teach students through their channels
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.) English, History and Civics
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.) Kannada, History and Civics
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.) Physics and Mathematics
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.) Biological Sciences and Chemistry
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.) English, Kannada and Geography
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed.) Geography, History and Civics
Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)
Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) Education
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) Education
Master of Arts (MA) Mathematics
Master of Arts (MA) Science
Master of Arts (MA) Social Studies and Humanities
Advanced Post Graduate Diploma (APGD) Education
Post Graduate Diploma (PGD) Education
Master of Arts (M.A.) Education
Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed)
Master of Physical Education (M.P.Ed)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Physical Education
Master of Education (M.Ed)
That’s the general perception of the profession across the world. However, with the economy booming and more and more people migrating to urban areas, Indian cities and towns have witnessed a sharp increase in the number of premier educational institutions especially at the primary and secondary level. As a result, both the remuneration and job opportunities have improved drastically.
With a degree in one of the core subjects such as English language, Science, or Mathematics, and a passion for teaching, it is possible for anyone to become a teacher. However, the trend is to obtain a second degree that specialises in education to have a great teaching career.
Yes. Just like any other profession, teaching can also lead one up the career path. The key to achieving this is to constantly upskill oneself in emerging fields. WIth a sound experience in the core principles of teaching such as meticulous preparation, leadership, and the ability to pay individual attention, one can expect to move up the ladder by combining teaching experience with subject matter expertise in a chosen field.
With the advent of technology and a rise in demand for private tutoring, the case for practising the teaching profession independently has never been stronger. Indian teachers with their ability to communicate effectively in English are in great demand in countries such as the US where the cost of hiring a private tutor is exorbitantly high.