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Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)

CLAT 2021 Exam Date

July 23rd, 2021 (2 PM to 4 PM)

Name of the Examination
Common Law Admission Test
Common Name
CLAT
Conducting Body
Consortium of National Law University
Frequency of the Examination
Once a Year
Exam Level
National-Level Examination

What is the CLAT Exam? 

CLAT or Common Law Admission Test is a national-level law entrance exam conducted by the Consortium of National Law University (CNLU). 

Candidates undertake CLAT exam to seek admissions in Undergraduate and Postgraduate Law courses in renowned law universities across the country. 

Following are the participating National Law Universities for CLAT 2021: 

National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
National Law Institute University, Bhopal
National Law University & Judicial Academy, Guwahati
National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
National Law University, Jodhpur
Tamil Nadu National Law University, Tiruchirappalli
Chanakya National Law University, Patna
Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
National Law University, Jodhpur
National Law University Odisha, Cuttack
Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam
Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur
Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
HP National Law University, Shimla
National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University, Haryana

Several colleges in Bangalore grant admissions based on CLAT scores. These colleges provide a holistic pedagogy in the field of law and have produced pioneers in this field. 

Candidates can check out the requirements of these colleges to apply accordingly and seek admissions in Bangalore

CLAT exam 2021 will be conducted July 23rd, 2021 (2 PM to 4 PM). Registrations for the CLAT exam started on January 1st, 2021 and will continue till June 15th, 2021. Admit card release on July 14th, 2021.

Candidates willing to pursue the undergraduate degree must complete their 10+2 education in any given field. Those up for a postgraduate degree must hold an LLB degree. 

CLAT 2021 Exam Details: 

Registration Mode
Online
Exam Mode
Offline
Courses Offered
UG and PG
Exam Duration
120 Minutes
Total Marks
150
Type of Question
Depends on the Course

CLAT 2021 Exam Dates: 

Events
Dates
Registration Process Begins
January 1st, 2021
End of Registration Process
June 15th, 2021
Admit Card Release

July 14th, 2021

CLAT Exam Date

July 23rd, 2021 (2 PM to 4 PM)

ResultsJuly 28th, 2021

CLAT Registration:

Candidates can register for CLAT by following the below-mentioned steps: 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Consortium of National Law University.
Step 2: Candidates have to click on the "Click Here" tab in the centre of the page. 
Step 3: They need to click on the "Register" button. 
Step 4: Following information needs to be entered in the pop-up block: 

  • Name
  • Mobile Number
  • Email ID
  • Password and Confirm Password

Step 5: After submitting the above information, candidates need to click on the Register Button. 
Step 6: They need to enter the OTP, which has been sent to their registered mobile number. By doing this, they will be registered for CLAT. 

How to fill up the CLAT Application Form? 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Consortium of National Law University. 
Step 2: Candidates have to click on the "Click Here" tab in the centre of the page. 
Step 3: They need to log in using their login credentials. 
Step 4: Following information needs to be submitted in the CLAT application form: 

  • Personal Details
  • Communication Details
  • Academic Qualifications

Step 5: Candidates have to select whether they want to go for the undergraduate or postgraduate entrance exam, i.e., CLAT UG or CLAT PG. 
Step 6: They have to check on the option of whether they want the previous year's question paper.
Step 7: Candidates have to select their category. 
Step 8: Candidates can select any 3 preferred cities for taking the CLAT 2021 exam. 
Step 9: National Law University (NLU) preferences have to be selected by the candidates. 
Step 10: Candidates need to pay the required CLAT Entrance Exam fee and submit the form. 

CLAT Fees: 

Category of Candidates
Fees (In Rs.)
General/ OBC/ PwD/ NRI/ PIO/ OCI Candidates
4,000
SC/ ST/ BPL Candidates
3,500

Apart from the fee, candidates opting for the previous year's question paper have to pay Rs. 500. 

Documents Required: 

  • Recent Passport-size Photograph with a plain background
  • Candidate's Signature
  • Category Certificate (If Applicable)
  • Relevant Certificate issued by Competent Authorities

All the documents required for the CLAT exam need to be in PDF format. Also, candidates need to submit the original copies of the certificates and documents to the allotted university during admission.

CLAT Exam Centres:

CNLU conducts the CLAT entrance exam in over 200 cities all across the country. Below are some of the prominent cities which will house CLAT exam centres:

Mumbai
New Delhi
Pune
Bangalore
Kolkata
Chennai
Pondicherry
Chandigarh
Bhubaneswar
Guwahati
Imphal
Shillong
Ahmedabad
Indore
Raipur
Bhilai
Mysore
Dharwad
Jammu
Srinagar
Shimla
Faridabad
Thiruvananthapuram
Kozhikode
Ernakulam
Gwalior

CLAT Syllabus & Books: 

CLAT's syllabus has been divided into 2 parts, i.e., UG CLAT and PG CLAT. Below is the detailed CLAT syllabus. 

A) CLAT UG Syllabus: 

1) English Language:

Candidates will be given passages of approximately 450 words each. These passages will be based on fictional or non-fictional themes. 

Candidates need to perform these functions to answer the questions that follow the passages: 

  • They have to read, analyze, and summarize the passages adequately to answer the questions.
  • Reading and grasping the main idea of the argument or viewpoint is very important for solving the questions.
  • Candidates should be able to draw inferences and understand the conclusion of the passage correctly. 
  • If there are multiple viewpoints or contrasts in the passage, then the candidates must compare them and answer the questions accordingly.  
  • Candidates must understand the words and phrases in the passages and answer these questions. 

Books for English Language:

Books
Author(s)/ Publisher
Word Power Made Easy
Norman Lewis
High School English Grammar and Composition 
P. C. Wren and H. Martin
Guide to CLAT English Language Section
Pearson
Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning
RS Agarwal

2) Current Affairs:

Candidates will be given passages related to recent events around the world, journalistic articles, and non-fiction topics. The word count of these passages will be up to 450. 

Questions following the passages will require the candidates to examine or assess the legal information or the idea discussed in the passages. 

Also, candidates need to have a detailed understanding of the various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge across themes such as:

  • Significant events in India and around the World. 
  • Topics of Historical and Geographical Significance
  • National and International Affairs
  • Art and Culture

Books for Current Affairs: 

Candidates can prepare for the current affair section with the help of these resources:

  • Manorama Year Book
  • Daily Newspapers such as The Hindu, The Times of India, The Indian Express, Hindustan Times, and others. 
  • Previous Year CLAT Question Papers
  • Pearson's GK Manual
  • YouTube Channels and other platforms that share relevant content.

3) Legal Reasoning:

Candidates have to answer questions following the passages of 450 words each. They have to analyze situations based on legal inquiries. 

Detailed knowledge of the law is not required for this section, but a general knowledge of contemporary law is necessary for the examination. They have to prepare rules and passages of law and learn their practical usage.  

Candidates have to infer the legal concepts in the passage and the legal principles that apply to various situations. 

Books for Legal Reasoning: 

Books
Author(s)/ Publisher
Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning for CLAT 
Pearson
Legal Aptitude and Legal Reasoning
A. P. Bhardwaj
Legal Aptitude & Reasoning for CLAT
Disha Experts

4) Logical Reasoning:

In this section, candidates will be given passages of 300 words each. The passages will be based on the following topics:

  • Decision Making 
  • Determination of Course of Action
  • Inference, Argument, and Assumption
  • Statement Analysis

Candidates have to perform the following functions to answer the questions: 

  • Recognizing the arguments and analyzing its premise and conclusion to answer the related questions.
  • Candidates need to do a critical analysis of the logical patterns present in the passage. 
  • Some of the questions have to be answered by drawing relationships between analogies and recognizing statements, and gauging their effectiveness to the argument. 

Books for Logical Reasoning: 

Below are the books for the logical reasoning section: 

Books
Author(s)/ Publisher
A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning
RS Aggarwal
Analytical Reasoning
M. K. Pandey
501 Challenging Logic and Reasoning Problems
Learning Express

5) Quantitative Techniques:

Questions in this section of the CLAT exam will be based on topics of the Class 10 syllabus. They are : 

  • Basic Algebra
  • Geometry and Mensuration
  • Average
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Percentage
  • Statistics and Graphs

Books for Quantitative Techniques: 

Candidates follow the below-mentioned books to prepare for this section: 

Books
Author(s)/ Publisher
Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations
Pearsons
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic
Arihant Publications
Quantitative Aptitude
RS Aggarwal
B) CLAT PG Syllabus: 

The PG CLAT exam has been divided into 2 sections. Both the section will have questions based on the following topics from undergraduate law courses:

Constitutional Law
Family Law
Property Law
Administrative Law
Jurisprudence
Criminal Law
Company Law
Tax Laws
Law of Contract
International Public Law
Environmental Law
Labour Law
Torts
Other Important LLB Law Topics 

Following are the 2 sections for the PG CLAT exam: 

1) Objective Section:

Candidates have to answer 100 MCQ questions in this section. The questions will be based on legal cases, judgements, and important statutes. 

They have to answer the questions based on:

  • Summarising the arguments and viewpoints in the question. 
  • Analyzing the field of laws, legal issues, and facts mentioned in the question, along with the source of the judgement or statute.   

2) Subjective Section: 

Candidates will be given essay topics in this section of the CLAT PG exam, out of which they have to answer any 2. The word count shouldn't exceed 800 words. 

Candidates have to showcase their knowledge in the form of:

  • Understanding the legal framework of the essay topic. 
  • Grasping the factual as well as philosophical issues arising in the topic given. 
  • Structuring the essay properly with the help of proven arguments and perspectives.
  • Drawing a logical conclusion for the topic. 

Books for CLAT PG: 

Books
Author(s)/ Publisher
Books on Laws: Entire Series
Bare Act
Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
Dr. N.V. Paranjape
Guide to LLM Entrance Examination
Showick Thorpe

CLAT PG syllabus consists of topics that candidates must have covered in their undergraduate law programs. Hence, the best resources for this exam are the undergraduate course books and materials. 

CLAT Exam Pattern: 

A) CLAT UG Exam Pattern: 

Below is the detailed CLAT UG exam pattern:

Medium
English
Test Duration
120 Minutes
Total Marks
150
Exam Mode
Offline
Total Number of Questions
150
Division of Sections

Section A: English Language

Section B: Current Affairs

Section C: Legal Reasoning

Section D: Logical Reasoning

Section E: Quantitative Techniques

Questions in Each Section

Section A: 28 to 32

Section B: 35 to 39

Section C: 35 to 39

Section D: 28 to 32

Section E: 13 to 17

Marking Scheme
1 Mark for Each Correct Response and Deduction of 0.25 Mark for Each Incorrect Response
B) CLAT PG Exam Pattern:

Below is the detailed CLAT PG exam pattern: 

Medium
English
Test Duration
120 Minutes
Total Marks
150
Exam Mode
Offline
Division of Sections

Section A: Objective Section

Section B: Subjective Section

Questions in Each Section

Section A: 100 MCQ Questions

Section B: 2 Essay-Type Having a Word Limit of 800 

Marking Scheme of Each Section

Section A: 1 mark for each correct response and deduction of 0.25 mark for each incorrect response

Section B: 25 Marks for Each Essay

How to Prepare for CLAT? 

CLAT UG Preparation Tips: 

  • Preparing from previous year question papers is very helpful, and candidates can subscribe to it by paying the required fees during registration. 
  • Candidates should also subscribe to instructional materials for subjects under UG CLAT 2021. 
  • Inculcate an extensive reading habit to score better in the sections of the UG CLAT exam. 
  • Candidates should regularly read newspapers, books, and magazines to better understand the events around the world, especially for the Current Affairs section. 
  • For the quantitative section, candidates should develop shortcuts for solving questions in this section faster. They should also solve the formulas and concepts daily. 
  • Candidates should solve questions from a variety of sources, especially for quantitative and logical reasoning sections of the CLAT examination. This will give them a better understanding of the topics.

CLAT PG Preparation Tips: 

  • Candidates should read significant judgements and try to analyze the issues that have been raised and resolved in those judgements. 
  • They should revise the critical topics in their graduation syllabus and recent judgments by analysing the constitutional and legislative provisions used for them. 
  • Apart from the recent judgements, candidates should also study the historical judgements and be aware of the case laws and amendments introduced. 
  • They should have a complete understanding of the issues around them and analyze them from the eyes of the law. 
  • Candidates should practise essay writing by referring to past year's topics with crystal clear presentation of ideas, factual matters, arguments, and conclusions. 
  • Reading extensively will help them improve their essay writing skills. They should read legal journals and famous case studies to have a better understanding of the topics.
  • Candidates should solve at least 8 to 10 CLAT PG question papers to get a good hang of the exam pattern. 

Common preparation tips for both the exams: 

Below are some common preparation tips for the exams: 

  • Candidates should answer an adequate number of CLAT mock tests to get the hang of the CLAT exam pattern and formulate a strategy for answering the questions. 
  • Revision is an essential part of any preparation process, and candidates should be doing it adequately to have the edge over other candidates. 
  • Being physically and mentally fit is also an essential requisite for the exam. Candidates should do it by having a proper diet and exercising regularly. 

CLAT Admit Card: 

Candidates can download the admit card by following these steps: 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Consortium of National Law University. 
Step 2: Candidates have to click on the "Click Here" tab in the centre of the page. 
Step 3: They need to log in using their login credentials.
Step 4: Candidates need to click on the link for the admit card. 
Step 5: The admit card will be displayed on the candidate's screen. They should check the details mentioned and download them for further processes. 

Candidates can carry only a valid Government-issued ID proof and admit card to the CLAT exam centre. 

CLAT Results: 

Candidates can follow the below-mentioned steps to check their CLAT results: 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Consortium of National Law University. 
Step 2: Candidates have to click on the "Click Here" tab in the centre of the page. 
Step 3: They need to log in using their login credentials.
Step 4: Candidates need to click on the link for CLAT results. 
Step 5: The candidate's scorecard will be displayed on their screen. They should check the details mentioned and download them for further processes. 

CLAT Tie-Breaker: 

In case of a tie between candidates in the CLAT UG exam, the below-mentioned procedures will be followed: 

  1. Higher Marks in the Legal Aptitude Section, or
  2. Higher Age, or
  3. Random computerized draw of lots

For a tie in CLAT PG exam, the following procedures will be followed: 

  1. Higher Age, or
  2. Random computerized draw of lots

CLAT Cut off : 

After the declaration of CLAT results, the cut-offs will be released for the CLAT admission process. 

The cut off will depend on the following factors: 

  • Difficulty Level of Exam
  • Total Number of Candidates
  • Number of Seats
  • Performance of the Candidates

CLAT Counselling Process: 

CNLU shall conduct the counselling process for the participating National Law Universities in 4 rounds. Candidates need to carry the following documents for the counselling process: 

  • CLAT Application Form
  • CLAT Admit Card 
  • CLAT Score Card
  • Class 10th Marksheet or other equivalent documents for Date of Birth Proof
  • Class 12th Marksheet
  • Category Certificate (If Required) 
  • PwD Certificate (If Required)  
  • CLAT Call Letter
  • Passport-size Photographs

Candidates have to follow the below-mentioned procedures for the counselling process: 

  • CNLU will release the list for 1st Round Counselling. The candidates who will be participating in the 1st round have to pay the counselling fee of Rs. 50,000. Part of the application fee will be sent to the respective NLU after the final allotment. 
  • After the 1st round, CNLU will release the list for the 2nd round of counselling for candidates who have paid the counselling fee. The 2nd round list will also contain names of waitlisted candidates. 
  • Subsequently, the list for the 3rd and 4th round of counselling will be released for the candidates. 
  • After paying the counselling fee, they have to select from any of the following options: 
    a) Lock: Candidates going for the option are satisfied with the allotted NLUs. They shall not be considered for further shifting of their choice.
    b) Upward Shifting: Candidates going for this option will be considered if any vacancy is created in any of the preferred NLUs in the subsequent rounds. There shall be no         downward shifting.
    c) Withdrawal: Candidates can withdraw from the allotment process by opting for the following:
            - Option 1: Not depositing the required fee.
            - Option 2: Withdrawing from the process during the 4th and final round of counselling. 

Candidates will be allotted college according to their merit in the 4 rounds of counselling, after which they have to report to the respective colleges. 

If the candidates fail to report to the college, then the counselling fee of Rs. 50,000 will be returned to them. 

CLAT Merit List: 

CNLU will release the merit list after the final round of counselling for each of the participating NLU. 

Candidates can check the merit list by following the below-mentioned steps: 

Step 1: Visit the official website of the Consortium of National Law University. 
Step 2: Candidates have to click on the "Click Here" tab in the centre of the page. 
Step 3: They need to log in using their login credentials.
Step 4: Candidates need to click on the link of their preferred college's merit list. 
Step 5: They need to search for their name in the merit list.

FAQs: 

  1. What are the eligibility criteria for CLAT UG 2021?
    - Candidates have to complete their 12th standard or answer their 12th standard final examination before March or April 2021. The minimum percentage requirement for General or OBC or PwD or NRI or PIO or OCI candidates is 45%, and for SC/ ST, it's 40%. 

  2. What are the eligibility criteria for CLAT PG 2021?
    - Candidates should have completed their LLB degree or should answer their final year examination before March or April 2021. The minimum percentage requirement for General or OBC or PwD or NRI or PIO or OCI candidates is 50%, and for SC/ST, it's 45%.

  3. Is there any upper age limit to apply for CLAT?
    - No, there is no upper age limit to apply for CLAT. 

  4. How are many National Law Universities participating in the CLAT counselling process?
    - 24 National Law Universities or NLUs will be participating in the CLAT counselling process. 

  5. How will CNLU conduct the CLAT examination?
    - CNLU was supposed to conduct the CLAT 2021 exam on July 23rd, 2021

  6. In which mode will CNLU conduct CLAT 2021?
    - CLAT 2021 will be conducted in offline mode. 

  7. When is the last date for CLAT 2021 registration?
    - CLAT 2021 registration process has been extended and will continue till June 15th, 2021. 

  8. Which is the CLAT participating college from Bangalore?
    - National Law School of India University (NLSIU) is the only CLAT 2021 participating college from Bangalore. 

  9. What will be the minimum cut off for CLAT 2021?
    - There is no minimum cut-off for CLAT 2021. All NLU will have their separate minimum cut off which will be released after the declaration of CLAT results. 

  10. When will the CLAT merit list be released?
    - CNLU will release the merit list after the final round of counselling for CLAT admission.

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates have to meet the following eligibility criteria for CLAT 2021: 

CLAT UG Eligibility Criteria: 

  1. Candidates must have completed their 12th standard from a recognized education board in India. 
  2. Candidates who will be answering their Class 12 examinations in March or April 2021 can also apply for CLAT UG 2021.
  3. The following score is required in Class 12 to get eligible for the exam:
    - 45% marks or equivalent for candidates belonging to General or OBC or PwD or NRI or PIO or OCI category.
    - 40% marks or equivalent grades for candidates belonging to SC or ST category. 
  4. Candidates have to produce their Class 12 mark sheet or pass certificate at the time of admissions.
  5. There is no upper age limit to apply for this exam. 

      CLAT PG Eligibility Criteria: 

      1. Candidates need to have an LLB degree or equivalent with the following minimum percentage or equivalent grades:
        - 50% for those belonging to the General or OBC or PwD or NRI or PIO or OCI category
        - 45% for those belonging to the SC or ST category
      2. Candidates who will be appearing for their final year LLB exams in March or April 2021 can also apply for CLAT PG 2021
      3. The exam doesn't have any upper age limit.





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