The Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) 2020 is fast approaching and to help the candidates with all the information they need, here is a comprehensive and complete article. One may read the full article or jump to any of the following sections by clicking on them.

· VITEEE 2020 Exam Eligibility

· VITEEE 2020 Registration and Application

· VITEEE 2020 Books and Study Material

· VITEEE 2020 SampleQuestion Papers

## VITEEE Exam Overview

The Vellore Institute of Technology, one of the top private engineering and technology institutions in the country, conducts VITEEE exams for entrance to B. Tech programmes in four campuses in Vellore, Chennai, Amaravati (AP),, and Bhopal. The institute is very popular among the aspiring students of engineering across the country and therefore witnesses close to 400,000 applications every year.

The exam is similar in structure, areas evaluated, and pattern to other popular entrance exams such as JEE. It is conducted once every year usually in the month of April at exam centres situated all over India. VITEEE exam is conducted only in online mode and the results are published on the official site.

## VITEEE 2020 Exam Eligibility

### Nationality

Indian nationals, Non-Resident Indians (NRI), and People of Indian Origin (PIO) are eligible to take up the VITEEE 2020 Exam. Foreign nationals need to apply through foreign category for which a separate application form is available on the official website.

### Age Limit

To be eligible to appear for VITEEE 2020, a candidate needs to be born on or after 1st July 1998. The official document to verify the age limit will be the candidate's High School, Secondary School, or 10th Standard Certificate. This document needs to be submitted in its original form at the time of counselling, failing which the candidate will be deemed not qualified.

Qualifying Exam

The following examinations are considered to be qualifying exams for VITEEE 2020 (Candidates need to have completed or should be appearing for these exams in 2020):

· The final exam of 10+2 system of education conducted by a recognised state board of education, Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE, New Delhi), the Council for Indian School Certificate Exam (ICSE, New Delhi)

· Exams conducted by a recognised board or university at Intermediate or 2-year Pre-university level

· High School Certificate Exam of the Cambridge University

· International Baccalaureate Diploma of the International Baccalaureate Office, Geneva

· General Certificate Education (GCE) Examination (London, Cambridge, Sri Lanka) at the Advance (A) Level

· Candidates from the regular NIOS board are also eligible provided they produce a valid migration cum transfer certificate while joining

### Qualifying Criteria

A minimum aggregate of 60% in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology in the qualifying exam mentioned above is necessary to appear for VITEEE 2020.

Candidates from SC/ST categories, and those from Jammu and Kashmir, and Northeastern states - Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh, have a relaxation and should score an aggregate of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology in the qualifying exams. Such candidates should produce valid certificates/documents to support their claim at the time of counselling.

### Subject Eligibility

Candidates who are aiming to
pursue any of the following courses must take up BPCEA (Biology, Physics,
Chemistry, English, Aptitude):

· B. Tech. Bioengineering

· B. Tech Biotechnology

· B. Tech Computer Science and Engineering (Specialisation in Bioinformatics)

· B. Tech Electronics and Communication (Specialisation in Biomedical Engineering)

For B. Tech in the rest of the courses, candidates must take up MPCEA (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English, Aptitude)

## VITEEE 2020 Important Dates

Event | Date (Tentative) |

Last date to apply for VITEEE 2020 | 29th Feb 2020 |

Late date to edit previously submitted forms | 29th Feb 2020 |

Slot Booking | 3rd Week of March 2020 |

Admit Card Issuance | 3rd Week of March 2020 |

VITEEE 2020 Exam Dates | 13th to 19th April 2020 |

Declaration of Result | 30th April 2020 |

Counselling Process | 2nd or 3rd week of May 2020 |

Final Phase of Counselling | June 2020 |

Commencement of Classes | July 2020 |

## VITEEE 2020 Registration and Application

The process of registration and application for VITEEE 2020 started on 27th September 2019 and will go on till 29th February 2020.

VITEEE 2020 Registration

The process of applying for VITEEE 2020 begins with a simple registration process that will enable the candidates to create login credentials. Candidates are required to have a valid mobile number and email address as an OTP will be sent to complete the registration. Please note that once an email address and a mobile number is used for registration, it will not be possible to change these later. All further communications from VIT will be sent to registered email and mobile number.

The registration process also requires the candidates to upload scanned copies of their photograph and signature is a prescribed format, size, and dimension. Do refer to the official site before starting the registration process.

### VITEEE 2020 Application Form

The application form for VITEEE 2020 is available in both online and offline forms. Candidates registered on the official website will be able to complete the application process online. It should be noted that foreign nationals applying for VITEEE 2020 have a separate form. Please ensure that all the relevant information is properly filled. There is an option to edit the information until the end of the application process which is 29th February 2020.

Off-line forms are available at post offices listed on the official website and all the VIT campuses - Vellore, Chennai, AP, and Bhopal. Candidates are required to send the duly filled application form to the following address:

Admission Officer,

VIT University,

Vellore - 632014

Tamil Nadu, India

## VITEEE 2020 Exam Fee

Candidates appearing for VITEEE 2020 are required to pay an exam fee as a part of the application process. The fees for candidates from general categories are as follows:

Application Type | Fees | Payment Mode |

Online | Rs 1150 | Debit Card, Credit Card, Netbanking, UPI, PAYTM |

Offline | Rs 1250 | Payment at post offices listed on the official site or a DD drawn in favour of VIT (Please refer the official site for details) |

Candidates opting for exam centres outside India need to pay $50 (excluding bank charges) through online payment only.

## VITEEE 2020 Application Status and Correction

The status of the applications for VITEEE 2020 can be checked online on the official website. Candidates need to enter their 10-digit application number and captcha code to know the application status.

If the application has been rejected or if the candidates notice any discrepancy in the information entered, they have the provision to edit their form. The last date to make such edits is 29th Feb 2020.

## VITEEE 2020 Exam Sessions

VITEEE 2020 exams will be conducted over a week between 13th and 19th April 2020 and each day the test will have 3 different slots that students can choose from. The three sessions are as follows:

Session | Time |

Session 1 | 9:00 AM to 11:30 AM |

Session 2 | 12:30 PM to 3:00 PM |

Session 3 | 4:00 PM to 6:30 PM |

The exact date and slot that is
convenient for a candidate can be booked during the slot booking phase.

## VITEEE 2020 Slot Booking

The slot booking for a particular date and time will be open from the 3rd week of March (Tentative information. VIT will announce the exact date shortly). The slot booking will happen through VIT Online Test Booking System (OTBS) which is a real-time application. A password for this system will be sent to the registered phone number and email address.

It must be noted that the slots will be allotted on a first-come-first-serve basis. A slot once booked cannot be changed under any circumstances. If a candidate does not book a slot, then the university will automatically assign a slot from the leftover slots.

## VITEEE 2020 Admit Card

Candidates will be able to download their admit card once the slot is confirmed by the Online Test Booking System. A copy of the admit card will also be emailed automatically by OTBS. Candidates are advised to check all the details on the admit card and contact the university in case of any discrepancies. The admit card is mandatory for admission to the test centre and candidates will not be allowed to take the test under any circumstances if the admit card is not produced.

## VITEEE 2020 Exam Centers

VIT will conduct VITEEE 2020 at 120 centres across 33 states and Union Territories in India and 4 centres abroad. Here's the complete list of test centres along with their centre codes:

States | Centres |

Andaman and Nicobar Islands | Port Blair |

Andhra Pradesh | Amaravati (A.P) Anantapur Eluru Guntur Kurnool Nellore Rajahmundry Srikakulam Tanuku Tirupati Vijayawada Visakhapatnam |

Arunachal Pradesh | Itanagar |

Bihar | Bhagalpur Gaya Muzaffarpur Patna |

Chandigarh | Chandigarh |

Delhi | Delhi |

Goa | Goa |

Gujarat | Ahmedabad Rajkot Surat Vadodara |

Haryana | Faridabad Gurgaon Hissar Kurukshetra |

Himachal Pradesh | Dharamshala Shimla |

Jammu and Kashmir | Jammu Srinagar |

Jharkhand | Bokaro Dhanbad Jamshedpur Ranchi |

Karnataka | Bangalore Hubli Mangalore |

Kerala | Kochi Kozhikode Thiruvananthapuram Thrissur |

Madhya Pradesh | Bhopal Gwalior Indore Jabalpur |

Maharashtra | Amravati Aurangabad Latur Mumbai |

## VITEEE Exam Pattern

The VITEEE exam pattern is similar to some of the other popular entrance exams to B.E/B. Tech in the country such as JEE. The test will be conducted online with candidates required to answer 125 multiple choice questions with each question having 4 options. Candidates are required to choose the correct or best answer.

The duration of the exam will be for 2 hours and 30 minutes without any break The medium of the test will be English. Each correct answer will be awarded 1 mark and there will be no negative marking for wrong answers.

## New VITEEE Exam Pattern for 2020

For the VITEEE 2020 exam, there will be a new section, Aptitude, in addition to four old sections. However, the number of questions will remain 125 and the duration will be the same as previous exams. Here's the break up of the pattern:

Section | Number of Questions |

Physics | 35 |

Chemistry | 35 |

Mathematics/Biology | 40 Each |

English | 05 |

Aptitude | 10 |

## VITEEE 2020 Exam Syllabus

VITEEE Exams are based on 11th and 12th standard syllabus of higher secondary/Intermediate/Pre-University boards/universities. Here's the detailed syllabus of VITEEE 2020exam as prescribed in the official site.

### Physics

#### 1. Laws of Motion & Work, Energy and Power:

Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Static and kinetic friction - laws of friction -rolling friction - lubrication. Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy - work-energy theorem - power.

Conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies) - non-conservative forces Motion in a vertical circle - elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

#### 2. Properties of Matter

Elastic behaviour - Stress-strain relationship - Hooke's law - Young's modulus - bulk modulus - shear modulus of rigidity - Poisson's ratio - elastic energy. Viscosity - Stokes' law - terminal velocity - streamline and turbulent flow - critical velocity. Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.

Heat - temperature - thermal expansion: thermal expansion of solids - specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv -latent heat capacity. Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation: Wein's displacement Law - Stefan's law.

#### 3. Electrostatics

Charges and their conservation; Coulomb's law-forces between two-point electric charges - Forces between multiple electric charges-superposition principle. Electric field - electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field intensity due to a dipole - behaviour of a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric potential - potential difference-electric potential due to a point charge and dipole equipotential surfaces - electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges.

Electric flux-Gauss's theorem and its applications. Electrostatic induction-capacitor and capacitance - dielectric and electric polarisation - parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium - applications of capacitor - energy stored in a capacitor - Capacitors in series and in parallel -action of points - Van de Graaff generator.

#### 4. Current Electricity

Electric Current - flow of charges in a metallic conductor - drift velocity and mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm's law, electrical resistance - V-I characteristics - electrical resistivity and conductivity-classification of materials in terms of conductivity - Carbon resistors - colour code for carbon resistors - combination of resistors - series and parallel - temperature dependence of resistance - internal resistance of a cell - potential difference and emf of a cell - combinations of cells in series and in parallel.

Kirchhoff's law - Wheatstone's Bridge and its application for temperature coefficient of resistance measurement - Metre bridge - special case of Wheatstone bridge - Potentiometer principle - comparing the emf of two cells.

#### 5. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Magnetic effect of electric current - Concept of magnetic field - Oersted's experiment - Biot-Savart law Magnetic field due to an infinitely long current carrying straight wire and circular coil - Tangent galvanometer - construction and working - Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid - magnetic field lines.

Ampere's circuital law and its application. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field and electric field - cyclotron - Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field - Forces between two parallel current-carrying conductors - definition of ampere.

Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field - moving coil galvanometer - conversion to ammeter and voltmeter - current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment - Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.

#### 6. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Curren

Electromagnetic induction - Faraday's law - induced emf and current - Lenz's law. Self-induction - Mutual induction - self inductance of a long solenoid - mutual inductance of two long solenoids. Methods of inducing emf - (i) by changing magnetic induction (ii) by changing the area enclosed by the coil and (iii) by changing the orientation of the coil (quantitative treatment).

AC generator - commercial generator. (Single phase, three phase). Eddy current - applications -transformer - long-distance transmission. Alternating current - measurement of AC - AC circuit with resistance - AC circuit with inductor - AC circuit with capacitor - LCR series circuit - Resonance and Q -factor - power in AC circuits.

#### 7. Optics

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker's formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. Scattering of the light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearances of the sun at sunrise and sunset.

Wavefront and Huygens's principle - Reflection, total internal reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Interference - Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width - coherent source - interference of light - Formation of colours in thin films - Newton's rings.

Diffraction - differences between interference and diffraction of light- diffraction grating. Polarisation of light waves - polarisation by reflection - Brewster's law - double refraction - Nicol prism - uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids - rotatory polarisation - polarimeter.

#### 8. Dual Nature of Radiation and Atomic Physics

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics - Electromagnetic spectrum - Photoelectric effect ' Light waves and photons - Einstein's photoelectric equation - laws of photoelectric emission - particle nature of light - photocells and their applications.

Atomic structure - the discovery of the electron - specific charge (Thomson's method) and charge of the electron (Millikan's oil drop method) - alpha scattering - Rutherford's atom model.

#### 9. Nuclear Physics

Nuclear properties - nuclear radii, masses, binding energy, density, charge - isotopes, isobars and isotones - nuclear mass defect - binding energy - stability of nuclei - Bainbridge mass spectrometer.

Nature of nuclear forces - Neutron - discovery - properties - artificial transmutation - particle accelerator.

Radioactivity - alpha, beta and gamma radiations and their properties - Radioactive decay law - half life -mean life - artificial radioactivity - radio isotopes - effects and uses - Geiger - Muller counter. Radiocarbon dating. Nuclear fission - chain reaction - atom bomb - nuclear reactor - nuclear fusion - Hydrogen bomb -cosmic rays - elementary particles.

#### 10.Semiconductor Devices and their Applications

Semiconductor basics - energy band in solids: difference between metals, insulators and semiconductors - semiconductor doping - Intrinsic and Extrinsic semiconductors. Formation of P-N Junction - Barrier potential and depletion layer-P-N Junction diode - Forward and reverse bias characteristics - diode as a rectifier - Zener diode-Zener diode as a voltage regulator - LED. Junction transistors - characteristics - transistor as a switch - transistor as an amplifier - transistor as an oscillator.

Logic gates - NOT, OR, AND, EXOR using discrete components - NAND and NOR gates as universal gates - De Morgan's theorem - Laws and theorems of Boolean algebra.

### Chemistry

#### 1. Atomic Structure

Bohr's atomic model-Sommerfeld's extension of atomic structure; Electronic configuration and Quantum numbers;

Shapes of s,p,d,f orbitals - Pauli's exclusion principle - Hund's Rule of maximum multiplicity- Aufbau principle. Emission and absorption spectra, line and band spectra;

Hydrogen spectrum - Lyman, Balmer, Paschen, Brackett and Pfund series; deBroglie's theory; Heisenberg's uncertainty principle - wave nature of electron - Schrodinger wave equation (No derivation).

Eigen values and eigen functions. Hybridization of atomic orbitals involving s,p and d orbitals.

#### 2. p,d and f - Block Elements

p-block elements - Phosphorus compounds; PCl3, PCl5 - Oxides. Hydrogen halides, Inter halogen compounds. Xenon fluoride compounds.

General Characteristics of d - block elements - Electronic Configuration - Oxidation states of first-row transition elements and their colours. Occurrence and principles of extraction: Copper, Silver, Gold and Zinc. Preparation and properties of CuSO4, AgNO3 and K2Cr2O7.

Lanthanides - Introduction, electronic configuration, general characteristics, oxidation state - lanthanide contraction, uses, and a brief comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides.

#### 3. Coordination Chemistry and Solid State Chemistry

Introduction - Terminology in coordination chemistry - IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Isomerism, Geometrical isomerism in 4-coordinate, 6-coordinate complexes. Theories on coordination compounds - Werner's theory (brief), Valence Bond theory. Uses of coordination compounds. Bioinorganic compounds (Haemoglobin and chlorophyll).

Lattice - unit cell, systems, types of crystals, packing in solids; Ionic crystals - Imperfections in solids - point defects. X-ray diffraction - Electrical Property, Amorphous solids (elementary ideas only).

#### 4. Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium and Chemical Kinetics

I and II law of thermodynamics - spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, entropy, Gibb's free energy - Free energy change and chemical equilibrium - significance of entropy.

Law of mass action - Le Chatlier's principle, applications of chemical equilibrium. Rate expression, order and molecularity of reactions, zero order, first order and pseudo-first-order reaction - half-life period.

Determination of rate constant and order of reaction. Temperature dependence of rate constant - Arrhenius equation and activation energy.

#### 5. Electrochemistry

Theory of electrical conductance; metallic and electrolytic conductance. Faraday's laws - theory of strong electrolytes - Specific resistance, specific conductance, equivalent and molar conductance - Variation of conductance with dilution - Kohlrausch's Law - Ionic product of water, pH and pH- buffer solutions - use of pH values. Cells - Electrodes and electrode potentials - construction of cell and EMF values, Fuel cells, Corrosion and its prevention.

#### 6. Isomerism in Organic Compounds

Definition, Classification - structural isomerism, stereoisomerism - geometrical and optical isomerism. Optical activity- chirality - compounds containing chiral centres - R, S notation, D, L notation.

#### 7. Alcohols and Ethers

Nomenclature of alcohols - Classification of alcohols - distinction between 10, 20 and 30 alcohols - General methods of preparation of primary alcohols, properties. Methods of preparation of dihydric alcohols: Glycol - Properties - Uses.

Methods of preparation of trihydric alcohols - Properties - Uses.

Aromatic alcohols - preparation and properties of phenols and benzyl alcohol

Ethers - Nomenclature of ethers - general methods of preparation of aliphatic ethers - Properties - Uses.

Aromatic ethers - Preparation of Anisole - Uses.

#### 8. Carbonyl Compounds

Nomenclature of carbonyl compounds - Comparison of aldehydes and ketones. General methods of preparation of aldehydes - Properties - Uses.

Aromatic aldehydes - Preparation of benzaldehyde - Properties and Uses. Ketones - general methods of preparation of aliphatic ketones (acetone) - Properties - Uses.

Aromatic ketones - preparation of acetophenone - Properties - Uses, preparation of benzophenone - Properties. Name reactions; Clemmenson reduction, Wolff - Kishner reduction, Cannizzaro reaction, Claisen Schmidt reaction, Benzoin Condensation, Aldol Condensation. Preparation and applications of Grignard reagents.

9. Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives

Nomenclature - Preparation of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids - formic acid - Properties - Uses.

Monohydroxy monocarboxylic acids; Lactic acid - Synthesis of lactic acid. Aliphatic dicarboxylic acids; Preparation of oxalic and succinic acids. Aromatic acids; Benzoic and Salicylic acids - Properties - Uses. Derivatives of carboxylic acids;

Acetyl chloride (CH3COCl) - Preparation - Properties - Uses. Preparation of acetamide, Properties - acetic anhydride - Preparation, Properties. Preparation of esters - methyl acetate - Properties.

#### 10. Organic Nitrogen Compounds and Biomolecules

Aliphatic nitro compounds - Preparation of aliphatic nitroalkanes - Properties - Uses.

Aromatic nitro compounds - Preparation - Properties - Uses. Distinction between aliphatic and aromatic nitro compounds.

Amines; aliphatic amines - General methods of preparation - Properties - Distinction between 10, 20 and 30 amines. Aromatic amines - Synthesis of benzylamine - Properties, Aniline - Preparation - Properties - Uses.

Differences between aliphatic and aromatic amines. Aliphatic nitriles - Preparation - properties - Uses. Diazonium salts - Preparation of benzene diazonium chloride - Properties.

Carbohydrates - Distinction between sugars and non-sugars, structural formulae of glucose, fructose and sucrose, with their linkages, invert sugar - definition, examples of oligo and Polysaccharides

Amino acids - Classification with examples, Peptides-properties of peptide bond,

Lipids - Definition, classification with examples, difference between fats, oils and waxes.

### Mathematics

#### 1. Matrices and their Applications

Adjoint, inverse - properties, computation of inverses, solution of system of linear equations by matrix inversion method.

Rank of a matrix - elementary transformation on a matrix, consistency of a system of linear equations, Cramer's rule, non-homogeneous equations, homogeneous linear system and rank Method.

Solution of linear programming problems (LPP) in two variables.

2. Trigonometry and Complex Numbers

Definition, range, domain, principal value branch, graphs of inverse trigonometric functions and their elementary properties.

Complex number system - conjugate, properties, ordered pair representation.

Modulus - properties, geometrical representation, polar form, principal value, conjugate, sum, difference, product, quotient, vector interpretation, solutions of polynomial equations, De Moivre's theorem and its applications.

Roots of a complex number - nth roots, cube roots, fourth roots.

#### 3. Analytical Geometry of two dimensions

Definition of a conic - general equation of a conic, classification with respect to the general equation of a conic, classification of conics with respect to eccentricity.

Equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms and general forms- Directrix, Focus and Latus-rectum - parametric form of conics and chords. - Tangents and normals - Cartesian form and parametric form- equation of chord of contact of tangents from a point (x1,y1) to all the above-said curves.

Asymptotes, Rectangular hyperbola - Standard equation of a rectangular hyperbola.

#### 4. Vector Algebra

Scalar Product - the angle between two vectors, properties of scalar product, and applications of dot product.

Vector product, right-handed and left-handed systems, properties of vector product, applications of cross product.

Product of three vectors - Scalar triple product, properties of scalar triple product, vector triple product, vector product of four vectors, scalar product of four vectors.

#### 5. Analytical Geometry of Three Dimensions

Direction cosines - direction ratios - equation of a straight line passing through a given point and parallel to a given line, passing through two given points, the angle between two lines.

Planes - equation of a plane, passing through a given point and perpendicular to a line, given the distance from the origin and unit normal, passing through a given point and parallel to two given lines, passing through two given points and parallel to a given line, passing through three given non-collinear points, passing through the line of intersection of two given planes, the distance between a point and a plane, the plane which contains two given lines (co-planar lines), angle between a line and a plane.

Skew lines - shortest distance between two lines, condition for two lines to intersect, point of intersection, collinearity of three points.

Sphere - equation of the sphere whose centre and radius are given, equation of a sphere when the extremities of the diameter are given.

#### 6. Differential Calculus

Limits, continuity and differentiability of functions - Derivative as a rate of change, velocity, acceleration, related rates, derivative as a measure of slope, tangent, normal and angle between curves.

Mean value theorem - Rolle's Theorem, Lagrange Mean Value Theorem, Taylor's and Maclaurin's series, L'Hospital's Rule, stationary points, increasing, decreasing, maxima, minima, concavity, convexity and points of inflexion.

Errors and approximations - absolute, relative, percentage errors - curve tracing, partial derivatives, Euler's theorem.

#### 7. Integral Calculus and its Applications

Simple definite integrals - fundamental theorems of calculus, properties of definite integrals.

Reduction formulae - reduction formulae for sin nx dx and cos nx dx, Bernoulli's formula.

Area of bounded regions, length of the curve.

#### 8. Differential Equations

Differential equations - formation of differential equations, order and degree, solving differential equations (1st order), variables separable, homogeneous, linear equations and applications.

Second-order linear differential equations - second order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, finding the particular integral of

f(x) = emx, sin mx, cos mx, x, x2.

#### 9. Probability Distributions

Probability - Axioms - Addition law - Conditional probability - Multiplicative law - Baye's Theorem - Random variable - probability density function, distribution function, mathematical expectation, variance Theoretical distributions-discrete distributions (Binomial, Poisson distributions)- Continuous distributions (Normal distribution).

#### 10. Discrete Mathematics

Functions-Relations-Sequence and series (AP, GP, HP)- Binomial theorem-Basics of counting. Mathematical logic - logical statements, connectives, truth tables, logical equivalence,tautology, and contradiction.

Groups-binary operations, semigroups, monoids, groups, order of a group, order of an element, properties of groups.

### Biology

#### 1. Taxonomy

Need for classification; Three domains of life. Linnaean, Whittaker, Bentham and Hooker systems of classification. Salient features and classification of non-chordates up to phyla levels and chordates up to class levels. Morphology and anatomy of flowering plants. Structural organization in insects (cockroach)

#### 2. Cell and Molecular Biology

Cell theory. Prokaryotic cell and its ultrastructure. Eukaryotic cell- cell wall, cell membrane, cytoskeleton, nucleus, chloroplast, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, ribosomes, lysosomes, vacuoles and centrosomes. Cell cycle and division - amitosis, mitosis and meiosis. Search for genetic material; the structure of DNA and RNA; replication, transcription, genetic code, translation, splicing, gene expression and regulation (lac operon) and DNA repair.

#### 3. Reproduction

Asexual reproduction - binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation and fragmentation. Vegetative propagation in plants, sexual reproduction in flowering plants and structure of flowers. Pollination, fertilization, development of seeds and fruits, seed dispersal, apomixis, parthenocarpy and polyembryony. Human reproductive system. Gametogenesis, menstrual cycle, fertilization, implantation, embryo development up to blastocyst formation, pregnancy, parturition and lactation. Assisted reproductive technologies.

#### 4. Genetics and evolution

Chromosomes - structure and types, linkage and crossing over, recombination of chromosomes, mutation and chromosomal aberrations. Mendelian inheritance, chromosomal theory of inheritance, deviation from Mendelian ratio (incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple allelism, pleiotrophy), sex-linked inheritance and sex determination in humans. Darwinism, neo Darwinism, Hardy and Weinberg's principle and factors affecting the equilibrium: selection, mutation, migration and random genetic drift.

#### 5. Human health and diseases

Pathogens, parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm) and their control. Basic concepts of immunology, vaccines, antibiotics, cancer, HIV and AIDS. Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.

#### 6. Biochemistry

Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Enzymes - types, properties and enzyme action. Metabolism - glycolysis, fermentation, Kreb's cycle and pentose phosphate Pathway.

#### 7. Plant physiology

Movement of water, food, nutrients, gases and minerals. Passive diffusion facilitated diffusion and active transport. Imbibition, osmosis, apoplast and symplast transport and guttation.

Macro and micronutrients and their deficiency symptoms. Transpiration, photosynthesis (light and dark reactions) and electron transport chain. Hormones and growth regulators, photoperiodism and vernalization. Nitrogen cycle and biological nitrogen fixation.

#### 8. Human physiology

Digestion and absorption, breathing and respiration, body fluids and circulation, excretory system, endocrine system, nervous system, skeletal and muscular systems. Locomotion and movement, growth, ageing and death. Hormones - types of hormones, functions and disorders.

#### 9. Biotechnology and its applications

Recombinant DNA technology, applications in health, agriculture and industries; genetically modified organisms; Human insulin, vaccine and antibiotic production. Stem cell technology and gene therapy. Apiculture and animal husbandry. Plant breeding, tissue culture, single-cell protein, fortification, Bt crops and transgenic animals. Microbes in food processing, sewage treatment, waste management and energy generation. Biocontrol agents and biofertilizers. Biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents. Human and rice genome projects. DNA fingerprinting.

#### 10. Biodiversity, ecology and environment

Ecosystems: components, types, pyramids, nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous), ecological succession and energy flow in an ecosystem; Biodiversity - concepts, patterns, importance, conservation, hot spots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red data book, botanical gardens, national parks, sanctuaries, museums, biosphere reserves and Ramsar sites. Environmental issues: pollution and its control.Solid and radioactive waste management. Climate change impact and its mitigation. Population attributes - growth, birth and death rate and age distribution.

### English

The general guidelines for the English section of VITEEE 2020 is that the questions will be set to test the proficiency of the English language at the higher secondary education level. Questions are usually based on comprehension of a short passage or a few lines from a poem, general English grammar, and pronunciation.

#### Aptitude

1. Data Interpretation

2. Data Sufficiency

3. Syllogism

4. Number Series, Coding and Decoding

5. Clocks, Calendars and Directions

## VITEEE 2020 Preparation

Preparation for VITEEE 2020, just like any other entrance exam to engineering colleges, usually runs parallel to 12th exams as most of the syllabus remain the same. However, students need to pay extra attention to the details of the syllabus and previous years question papers, and identify the depth of the questions asked. Depending on the 12th syllabus of one's board/university, sometimes students have to read and understand additional concepts to answer all the questions from VITEEE 2020.