Have you heard of entrance exams and wondered why they are conducted? Do you want to know who conducts these entrance exams? Let's plunge in to learn about the popular entrance examinations in India and who organizes them.
Entrance Exam and its Importance:
Much like how a face detector unlocks a phone, an entrance exam acts as a doorway to study the course of your choice and get admitted into a college or university you desire.
Students have a range of career options to choose from after their 12th. In order to pursue a degree that interests them, they need to take up relevant entrance examinations to acquire a seat in a reputed institute.
Entrance exams are held at different levels, national, state, for a group of colleges or for a particular college/ university. National level entrance exams help students gain admissions in various institutes across the country. Candidates' logical and analytical skills are tested in these entrance exams. Once students crack these exams, they are one step closer to pursuing their dream career.
With this idea of entrance exams in mind, let's dive into details of the organization that conducts these exams.
What is National Testing Agency (NTA)?
The National Testing Agency (NTA) is an autonomous organization in-charge of conducting national level entrance examinations in India. Before the NTA was formed, there were no nationalized organizations solely for conducting entrance exams.
In 2017, the National Testing Agency was established by the Government of India under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. Admissions into various institutions in multiple fields is possible only through the specific competitive exams conducted by the NTA.
Now that we know the answer to the question of 'what is National Testing Agency' and what it does, let's see how to get in touch with the NTA.
National Testing Agency (NTA) Contact Information:
|National Testing Agency Headquarters/ National Testing Agency Head Office||Delhi|
|National Testing Agency Working Hours||9:30 AM to 5:30 PM|
|National Testing Agency Office Address||First Floor, NSIC-MDBP Building, Okhla Industrial Estate, New Delhi - 110020|
|National Testing Agency Office Address (for Communication)||C-20 1A/8, Sector 62, IITK Outreach Centre, Noida, Uttar Pradesh - 201309|
|National Testing Agency Phone Number||
After looking at basic information like the National Testing Agency address and contact, it is time to read more about National Testing Agency and why we actually need the NTA agency.
What was the need for NTA?
Before November 2017, various organizations were involved in conducting entrance examinations with different rules and criterias. This led to exams being scheduled inconsistently and results being released haphazardly without any time bars.
In order to resolve these barriers, the NTA agency was formed by the Government of India, following which the National Testing Agency headquarters was set up in Delhi.
Functions of the NTA:
- Organize and facilitate the conduct of online examinations by identifying institutions with the necessary infrastructure.
- Build a question bank for different subjects using the latest technology.
- Promote the culture of R&D and create a group of experts trained in various aspects of testing.
- Provide training, guidance and quality testing services to colleges, universities and academic institutions of India.
- Work with international agencies like the Educational Testing Services (ETS) to initiate modern ideas and methods of testing.
- Conduct any other exam as directed by the Union/ State Governments.
- Train and undertake reforms in school boards and other bodies to bring their standards of testing on par with those of entrance examinations.
Some of the important exams conducted by the National Testing Agency are as follows:
- Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)
- National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET UG)
- All India Ayush Post Graduate Entrance Test (AIAPGET)
- Common Management Admission Test (CMAT)
- Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT)
- University Grant Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET)
- Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) Exam
- Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination (JNUEE)
- Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) PhD and OPENMAT (MBA) Entrance Exam
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA)
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (CSIR UGC NET)
- National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology Joint Entrance Examination (NCHMCT JEE)
- Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET)
- Common University Entrance Test (CUET)
- Study Web of Active learning by Young and Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) Exams
Let's go through the details of some of the popular entrance examinations conducted by NTA for various streams.
Until 2018, the Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) was conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). From the year 2019, the JEE Main exam has been conducted by the National Testing Agency, India.
Through the JEE Main exam, candidates can get admitted to BE, B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan courses offered by the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs) participating through the Central Seat Allocation Board.
Candidates must have secured a minimum of 75% aggregate marks or be in the top 20 percentile in the 12th grade examination conducted by the respective boards (65% aggregate marks for candidates belonging to the SC/ ST category).
JEE Main Eligibility Criteria for BE/ B.Tech, B.Arch and B.Plan Admissions:
|Bachelor of Engineering (BE)/ Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)||Candidates must have secured 75% aggregate marks in 10+2/ 2nd PUC with Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry/ Biology/ Biotechnology/ Technical Vocational subjects.|
|Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)||Candidates must have secured 75% aggregate marks in 10+2/ 2nd PUC with Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry subjects.|
Bachelor of Planning (B. Plan)
|Candidates must have secured 75% aggregate marks in 10+2/ 2nd PUC with Mathematics as one of the subjects.|
The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts various entrance exams for medical admissions at different levels. One nationwide exam called the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Undergraduate (NEET-UG) is conducted by the NTA for admissions to undergraduate medical courses offered by medical institutions all over the country. Candidates who intend to gain admissions to MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BYNS, BUMS, BSMS, BHMS, B.V.Sc & A.H., and Nursing courses have to write the NEET-UG exam.
The responsibilities of the NTA with respect to NEET include inviting online applications, conducting the entrance exam, declaring the result and providing an All India Rank (AIR) list to the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
The Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) is one of the entrance exams for securing admissions to postgraduate management programmes. Only after 2018 did the NTA/ National Testing Agency take up the responsibility of conducting the CMAT exam, before which it was conducted by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
CMAT is a 3-hour online examination. Quantitative Techniques, Logical Reasoning, English Comprehension and General Awareness are the different sections of this exam. All AICTE-approved institutions/ universities/ constituent colleges/ affiliated colleges consider CMAT score for admissions to the MBA and PGDM programmes they offer.
Admissions to M.Pharm courses are alloted through the national level entrance exam for Pharmacy graduates called the Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT), conducted by the National Testing Agency, India. Prior to 2018, the GPAT exam was conducted by the AICTE.
This 3-hour examination is conducted every year. All AICTE-approved institutions/ universities/ constituent colleges/ affiliated colleges select students for M.Pharm admissions based on the GPAT score. Some National Testing Agency scholarships for candidates pursuing Pharmacy courses are awarded on the basis of GPAT score.
College/ University Teaching and Fellowship Exam:
Until 2018, CBSE organized the National Eligibility Test (NET) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC). UGC NET examination is conducted to determine the eligibility of Indian nationals for 'Assistant Professor' and 'Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professor' in Indian universities and colleges. From December 2018, the NTA has been entrusted with the responsibility of conducting the UGC NET.
UGC NET is an online exam and is held twice a year. It comprises two papers, Paper 1 which is common for all candidates, and Paper 2 for which a candidate has to select a subject from 82 different subjects. A candidate needs to attempt both the papers to qualify the exam. Candidates with at least a Master's degree are eligible to write this exam.
Other NTA Exams:
|Name of the Exam||Courses, Fellowships and Scholarships|
|Entrance exam for the Master of Business Administration (MBA) in International Business offered by IIFTs.|
Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam (JNUEE)
|Admissions to all courses (except PhD) offered by the JNU, Delhi.|
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (CSIR UGC NET)
|Selection of Indian nationals for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Lectureship (LS)/ Assistant Professorship for domains under Science and Technology.|
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) PhD and OPENMAT (MBA) Entrance Exam
|Entrance exams for the PhD and MBA courses offered by the IGNOU.|
Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission (ICAR AIEEA)
|Entrance Exams and Scholarships for the UG, PG and PhD programmes offered by Agricultural Universities (AUs)|
|Entrance exam for admissions to the Bachelor of Science in Hospitality and Hotel Administration (B.Sc HHA) offered by colleges all over India.|
Common University Entrance Test (CUET)
|The CUET acts as a single window for admissions to courses offered by all the Central Universities (CUs).|
Study Web of Active learning by Young and Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) Exam
|Semester exams in both CBT and offline mode for the various courses offered under SWAYAM, India's open online courses platform.|
Candidates need to follow the application process mentioned below in order to successfully write their desired exam.
Application Process for NTA Exams:
The application process for most NTA exams include the following steps:
Step 1: Exam Registration
This is the first step where candidates have to register on the official NTA website by providing the required details to generate login credentials.
Step 2: Application Form Submission
After logging in, candidates need to fill the application form of the exam they desire to appear and pay the fees.
Step 3: Admit Card Download
Candidates will be able to access and download their admit card a few days before the exam.
Step 4: Examination
Candidates need to go to their respective exam centres with their admit cards and other necessary documents and write the exam.
Step 5: Results and Counselling Process
After the results are announced, eligible candidates can either take part in the counselling process or enrol in the college of their choice with their scorecards.
To enable students to give their best in the examinations and prepare them for the actual examination, NTA/ National Testing Agency offers mock tests, details of which are covered in the next section.
NTA Mock Tests:
NTA organizes mock tests that can be given at Test Practice Centres (TPCs) for candidates to familiarize themselves with the processes of the Computer-based Test (CBT) and also offers online mock tests that can be given on its official website. Let's go through the steps to register for NTA mock tests.
- Mock Test at Test Practice Centre (TPC):
Step 1: Go to the official site of NTA.
Step 2: Click on the 'Student' tab and select 'Registration for Mock Test @ TPC'.
Step 3: Enter your login credentials and fill in the details asked.
Step 4: Select 5 test centres in the order of preference from the list of available centres.
Step 5: Choose a session for the mock test from 6 different sessions.
Step 6: Review your Centre Selection and Session and click on the 'Confirm Appointment' button.
Step 7: A text of approval will be sent to the registered mobile number.
A confirmation SMS with details of the test centre, date and session allotted will be sent to the registered mobile number 2 days prior to the mock test. In case the test centre is not approved, a SMS for rescheduling of the mock test will be sent.
Step 1: Install the 'NTA Student' App from Play Store.
Step 2: Login to the app by entering the necessary details.
Step 3: Tap on 5 test centres in the order of preference.
Step 4: Select any one session for the mock test.
Step 5: Click on 'Confirm Session' to confirm your booking.
- NTA Online Mock Test:
Candidates can take up free NTA online mock tests on their official website, for which the steps are as follows:
Step 1: Go to the official site of NTA.
Step 2: Click on the 'Mock Test' button on the homepage or choose 'Mock Test' under the 'Student' tab.
Step 3: Select the Exam from the drop-down menu.
Step 4: Select the Paper/ Subject of the exam from the drop-down menu.
Step 5: Click on the 'Start Mock Test' button.
- NTA Offline Mock Test:
Candidates also have the option to take the mock test offline by downloading it from the official website of NTA.
Step 1: Go to the official site of NTA.
Step 2: Click on the 'Student' tab and select 'Download Test'.
Step 3: The Mock Test will be downloaded in the form of a zip file.
National Testing Agency Scholarships:
Following are the details of some of the scholarships which are awarded by the National Testing Agency itself or are based on the exams conducted by the agency:
- Scholarships under the Prime Minister's Young Achievers Scholarship Award Scheme for a Vibrant India (PM YASASVI) are awarded to class 9 and class 11 students based on their performance in the YASASVI Entrance Test (YET) conducted by the NTA.
- Some scholarships for candidates pursuing Pharmacy courses are awarded on the basis of their score in the Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) conducted by the NTA.
- Scholarships for the undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate courses offered by agricultural universities are awarded by the NTA.
National Testing Agency Careers:
Apart from entrance exams for academic courses and colleges, NTA conducts exams for certain job recruitments. Interested candidates can check out the various career opportunities available through NTA exams and apply for the same on the official NTA Recruitment Portal.
Candidates must qualify in the recruitment exams conducted by the NTA inorder to secure these jobs. Some of the career options are mentioned below:
- Eklavya Model Residential School (EMRS) Teaching Staff
- Delhi University (DU) Non-Teaching Staff
- National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) Recruitments
- Uttar Pradesh Civil Court Staff Recruitments
- Assistant Registrar (AR) and Security Officer in IGNOU
It's fair to say that the National Testing Agency (NTA) has made the exam processes hassle-free. The NTA has been beneficial for both academic institutions and students. Along with the latest information on exams, it helps a candidate's preparation through the mock tests it offers.
Have you chosen a course you are interested in yet? The next NTA exam awaits you!