MBBS vs BAMS vs BHMS: Which Medical Course is Right for You?

MBBS vs BAMS vs BHMS: Which Medical Course is Right for You?
1 month ago
MBBS vs BAMS vs BHMS: Which Medical Course is Right for You?

The passion to heal is an art only a Doctor can achieve.

Medical courses after 12th are one of the highly renowned and most difficult courses for a candidate to pursue. Millions of aspirants dream of becoming a Doctor and serving the health care system in India.

Students wishing to pursue Medical programs often fall into the dilemma of choosing among different Medical courses, which are Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medical Sciences (BAMS), or Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS). 

Although, Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is the most sought program for the aspirants after the MBBS course, it focuses on training and introducing the students to the Dental Sciences and surgeries. 

If you are an aspirant looking for the right Medical program that suits your needs, this blog provides complete information and clarity. 

Difference Between MBBS, BAMS, and BHMS:

  • MBBS Course: 

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is a professional undergraduate Medical degree program required to become a Doctor. 

It is one of the best and most sought professional degree programs in Medicine. MBBS graduate candidates are medical practitioners eligible to diagnose diseases, prescribe medications, and conduct multiple forms of surgeries.

  • BAMS Course:

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medical Sciences (BAMS) is a recognized degree program that focuses on Ayurveda and is offered mostly in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and other nations. 

BAMS is the study of the properties of herbs, and their medicines are well-known for their contents of natural elements. The program mainly offers knowledge and understanding for the candidates, making them familiar with various traditional Ayurvedic Medicine concepts.  

  • BHMS Course:

Bachelor in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) is an undergraduate medical degree program covering various knowledge regarding the Homoeopathic Medical system. 

Aspirants interested in homoeopathy are believers in the natural healing power of the body. After completing this degree, they are eligible to practice homoeopathy as a Doctor. 

Who is Eligible for MBBS, BAMS, and BHMS:
  • Aspiring candidates applying for the program must have completed Higher secondary school/ 10+2 or equivalent from a recognized institute or board. 
  • They must have studied Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) as mandatory subjects and must have obtained at least 50% aggregate marks in the same. 5% relaxation is given for the candidates belonging to reserved categories. 
  • The applying candidates for the medical course after 12th must be above 17 years of age. 
  • They must have appeared and qualified in the NEET UG entrance examination conducted by the NTA.

About NEET UG:

The National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) UG entrance exam is a National Medical entrance exam conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) in 13 different languages. 

The exam is conducted for the admission to the MBBS/ BDS/ BAMS/ BSMS/ BUMS/ BHMS courses and other undergraduate medical courses after 12th that is approved or recognized by the Medical/ Dental/ AYUSH and other Colleges/ Deemed Universities/ Institutes (AIIMS & JIPMER) in India. 

The pen paper-based exam is conducted in languages such as English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

Course Duration:

MBBS Course:

The total duration of an MBBS program is 5.5 years, out of which 4.5 years is covered with academic education along with a 1-year mandatory internship. After the completion of the program, candidates must attend the practical training program in a hospital. 

The 1-year compulsory rotatory internship program provides them with real-life experiences in practising modern medicine and becoming a practitioner. 

BAMS Course:

BAMS is managed under the Ministry of AYUSH. It provides knowledge about the traditional medicine that was practised in India before the introduction of modern medicine. BAMS course is offered for a total duration of 5.5 years. 

Out of 5.5 years, it provides 4.5 years of academic exposure with a 1-year compulsory internship for understanding the practical and live imposition of Ayurvedic learnings. 

BHMS Course:

BHMS is a homoeopathic program that is offered for 5.5 years. Out of the total duration of BHMS, 4.5 years has academic sessions followed by 1-year of the practical session. The practical sessions include working with experienced practitioners in the hospital or medical setup. BHMS is designed to offer all aspects of homoeopathy and surgical science

Top Colleges in India for MBBS, BAMS, and BHMS:

Top 5 MBBS Colleges in India: 

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)New Delhi
Christian Medical College (CMC)
National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham 
Kasturba Medical College (KMC)

Top 5 BAMS Colleges in India:

Banaras Hindu University
Uttar Pradesh
National Institute of Ayurveda
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science 
Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya
JSS Ayurveda Medical College Mysore 

Top 5 BHMS Colleges in India:

Lokmanya Homeopathic Medical College
National Institute of Homoeopathy
Bharati Vidyapeeth Homoeopathic Medical College
Government Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital
Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homoeopathic Medical College

Job Roles for Medical Courses after 12th: 


  • General Doctor
  • Specialist Doctor
  • Physician
  • Surgeon
  • Medical Professor or Lecturer
  • Research Scientist
  • House Surgeon
  • Medical Administrator and many more


  • Ayurveda Therapist
  • Sales Executive or Representative
  • Ayurveda Pharmacist
  • Ayurveda Doctor
  • Ayurveda Specialist and many more


  • Homoeopathic Doctor
  • Physiology Specialist
  • Homoeopathy Pharmacologist
  • Therapy specialist
  • Public Health Specialist
  • Medical Assistant
  • Lecturer
  • Sales Executive, etc.

Salary for All the Medical Courses:

  • MBBS: 

An MBBS Doctor's salary ranges from Rs. 6,00,000 - Rs. 7,00,000 lakhs per annum depending on the institute they perform in as a practitioner. 

  • BAMS: 

An average salary of a BAMS graduate Doctor is Rs. 6,40,000. The salary depends on the rank obtained by the candidates in the exam along with the institute they work with as an Ayurveda Doctor.

  • BHMS: 

The average salary of a BHMS graduate begins from 4,00,000 LPA depending on the candidate's experience and rank obtained in the qualifying examination. 

The Decision:

While comparing all medical courses after 12th in terms of career and scope, the candidates can have a clear picture and a better understanding of what to choose based on their interests. 

They can now evaluate the curriculum and choose the program to make their best choice in pursuing Medicine.

Although all the 3 programs, MBBS, BAMS, and BHMS, are studies of medicine and the human body in general, the outcomes and results after the completion of these courses differ from each other.

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