The number of students who choose science in their 12th or equivalent is very high in India. Many students decide to become engineers in India well before the completion of their 12th exams. Some of them want to build something innovative, while others want to settle in a well-paying engineering job.
However, many students do not have proper guidance, and thus, they don't know how to get admission in an engineering college after 12th. As a result, they may lose focus or miss valuable opportunities to enter a reputed college.
It results in a loss of valuable time that students can use to prepare themselves for the admission process. Students who do not have awareness cannot face the high competition of the entrance exams and will easily get eliminated. Therefore, we have prepared an extensive guide on how to get admission in an engineering college after 12th.
Scope of Engineering:
Before learning about the admission process, it is important to learn about the scope of engineering. Engineering consists of many different specializations, and as a result, there are many different career options for engineering students.
Students who study in reputed colleges can work not only in India but also abroad. Engineers are also offered a high salary package during campus placements. Many reputed companies constantly hire fresh talent from engineering colleges every year.
There are more than 20 specializations in engineering. Some of the popular specializations include:
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Aeronautical Engineering
- Electronics Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Nuclear Engineering
- Marine Engineering
- Mining Engineering
Admission in Engineering College after 12th or Equivalent:
Different engineering colleges conduct different admission processes for students. The students must undertake the JEE Main exam to get accepted into any engineering colleges. Some colleges accept a few entrance exams while others accept just one.
Admission based on entrance exams:
JEE Main is the most widely accepted engineering entrance exam by both national and state colleges. However, some states conduct their own engineering entrance exams to carry out the process of admission. In a few colleges, some seats are reserved for the students who took national level entrance exams while other seats are reserved for those who took state level entrance exams.
Admission without entrance exams:
Private colleges offer seats under the management quota to students who want direct admission to their college without the need for qualifying in an entrance exam. Students who enter college through direct admission have to pay a fee that is a lot higher than the fee of students who got admission through entrance exams.
Admission through the centralized admission process without entrance exam:
Some states do not conduct any common entrance exams. They accept students based on their scores of the class 12th. Such a process of admissions is called centralized admission.
Entrance Exams to get admission in an engineering college after 12th:
There are mainly two types of engineering entrance exams, which are national level entrance exams and state level entrance exams. Different states conduct different entrance exams for engineering. If a student qualifies the state-level engineering entrance exam, then the student can get admission anywhere in the state.
A student who gets a good rank in the national level engineering entrance exam has a chance to get admission anywhere in India. Some of the most popular national level entrance exams include:
- JEE Mains
- JEE Advanced
JEE Mains and JEE Advanced are the toughest and the most competitive entrance exam in India. Every year more than 10 lakh aspirants appear in each exam. However, there are only a few thousand seats available in the top colleges all over India. Both JEE Mains and Advanced are conducted by two different bodies. A student who qualifies JEE Mains is eligible to write JEE Advanced. JEE Mains allows students to enter any national college, while JEE Advanced allows students to get admission specifically in the IITs.
Some highly reputed universities conduct their own entrance exams. They do not accept the score of any other common entrance exams. Therefore, students who want to enter those universities must appear for their respective entrance exams.
Eligibility to get admission in an engineering college after 12th:
Even though different institutes accept different entrance exams, the eligibility criteria to study engineering is the same all over India. A student must have the following qualifications to be eligible for an engineer
- The student must have passed the 12th exams.
- The minimum percentage accepted by colleges is 50% in 12th exams
- The student must have studied the subjects of maths, physics, and chemistry in the 11th and 12th standard
- Students who want to pursue biomedical engineering must have studied the biology subject as well in their 11th and 12th standard
How to apply for Engineering college after 12th:
After the results of the entrance exams are released, the admission process for engineering starts. The admission process is conducted in a different way by different bodies.
Students who have qualified in the JEE Main exam must undergo the following steps to complete the admission process:
- Register for JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority) which conducts a centralized admission process
- Attend the counselling session and choose the college for which they are qualified and complete the fee payment process
- Submit the verified documents to complete the process of admission
Students who have appeared for the state level entrance exam must undergo a similar process conducted by the state bodies. Even the colleges that give admissions based on the marks of the class 12th must follow a similar process conducted by the respective bodies. However, a student must not forget to register for the counselling of the centralized admission process.
Students who haven't appeared for any entrance exam and want to get admission in an engineering college after 12th, must visit the college website and submit a separate form. He/ she can also complete the admission process by visiting and paying the fee directly at the college. However, the fee for such types of direct admission is very high.
The competition to get an admission in an engineering college after 12th is very large. Therefore, many students study hard to get a good rank in the entrance exams. Some students also take special coaching for an additional year after 12th to get into the IITs. Therefore, the students who want to study engineering must be ready to work really hard if they want to face high competition and come out successful in the end.