How to Become a Geologist

How to Become a Geologist
1 month ago
How to Become a Geologist

Geology is Earth Science concerned with the study of liquid and solid earth, its processes, and composition. Geology lets you analyze complex problems like energy resources and sustainability, water management, and more.

A Geologist is someone with extensive knowledge in Geology and studies the composition of earth, assesses natural disasters, determines soil quantity, inspects underwater resources, oil, etc. 

They try to understand the Earth's history, foresee events like natural disasters, and how past processes influence the future. They investigate processes like earthquakes, floods, landslides,  and volcanic eruptions.

How to Become a Geologist?

If the career as a Geologist intrigued you, you might want to find out how to become a Geologist in India and its eligibility.

Any candidate aspiring for a career in Geology should complete an undergraduate and postgraduate degree in Geology or other related fields. 

After completing their Master's degree, they can pursue a doctoral degree specializing in Geology and pursue a career in the same. 


Undergraduate Programs:

  • B.Sc in Geology 
  • B.Sc in Environmental Geology
  • B.Sc. (Hons) Exploration Geology
  • B.Sc. in Applied Geology
Candidates should complete 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects and a minimum aggregate of 50% marks from a recognized board of education.

Postgraduate Programs:

  • M.Sc. in Hydrogeology
  • Master of Mineral Resources - Exploration Geology
  • Master of Science in Petroleum Geology
  • Master of Geology in Earth Science and Resource Management
  • Master of Science in Engineering Geology
Candidates should complete Bachelor's or equivalent in Science with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks from a recognized institute.

Ph.D. Programs:

  • Ph.D. in Geological Sciences
Candidates should complete a Master's in Geology with a minimum aggregate of 65% marks from a recognized university. 
Top 7 Geology Colleges in India:

Now that you have learned about how to become a Geologist in India, you can check out the top 7 Geology colleges in India. 

Presidency College
Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE)
KGF First Grade College (KGFGD)
Mahadev PG College
Bangalore University
St. Xavier's College
S.E.A. College of Science, Commerce and Arts
Branches of Geology:

Geology is a vast field, specializing in numerous branches. A few of the popular branches of geology are given below: 

  • Geochemistry: This field applies principles of chemistry to deepen the understanding of each system and planet around us. It also includes the science of cycles of matter and energy that helps in the transportation of Earth's chemical constituents. 

  • Oceanography: This field studies the processes behind the water column, its motion, and composition. It is the scientific study of the ocean where you will learn about the waves and tides, and wind-driven and other oceanic currents.

  • Palaeontology: Based on the study of fossils, Palaeontology studies the history of life on Earth. It involves the analysis of animal and plant fossils that are preserved in rocks. 

  • Sedimentology: This field involves the study of sedimentary rocks and the processes related to their formation. Sedimentology deals with a deeper understanding of processes to give an interpretation of geologic history.

  • Geophysics: Geophysics deals with the study of physical phenomena and processes that occur on earth and its environment. It involves the application of physics principles to study the earth.  
Skills for a Geologist:

Several sets of skills are required for candidates aspiring to be Geologists. Mentioned below are a few of those skills.

  1. Observation skills
  2. Strong written and spoken communication attributes
  3. Interest and curiosity about the natural world
  4. Good physical fitness levels
  5. Competency to understand fundamental concepts of engineering and statistics
  6. Precision in marking the landscape
What does a Geologist do?

Since you have learned about how to become a Geologist, you might also be interested in finding what does a Geologist do: 

  • Evaluate and explore all the natural resources found on the planet. 
  • Identify research methods to improve them.
  • Collection and analysis of geological data.
  • Checks and advises on the suitability of sites for nuclear waste and landfills. 
  • Conducts searches for finding gas, oil, resources, and other minerals.
  • Plan Geology products and studies various metals in the earth's crust.
Career as a Geologist:

A Geologist can work in a variety of sectors. The well-compensated career of a Geologist lets you choose a variety of career paths and will allow you to advance your career further.

Some of those tempting career opportunities after becoming a Geologist are mentioned below:

  • HydroGeologist
  • Geochemist
  • Geophysicist
  • Geological Mapper
  • Geoscientist
  • Wellsite Geologist
  • Geological Technicians
  • Geological Technologists
Scope of Geology:

The scope of Geology is immensely great, with many industries from different sectors looking for qualified Geologists. Mentioned below are a few of the areas where a Geologist can work during their career:

  • Manufacturing
  • Environment Protection Firms
  • Petroleum and Mining Companies
  • Contracting Firms
  • Mining Firms
  • Engineering Firms
  • Environmental Consulting Firms
  • Construction and Utility Companies
  • Government Educational Institutions
  • Teaching
Top Recruiting Companies for Geologists:

Many top-notch companies and big names are hiring Geologists all across the country. A few of those companies are given below: 

  • Coal India Ltd
  • Geological Survey of India (GSI)
  • Bharat Gold Mines Ltd
  • Central Groundwater Board (CGWB)
  • Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC)
  • Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM)
  • Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
  • Hindustan Zinc Ltd
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • Hindustan Copper Ltd
Geologist Salary in India:

With immense research opportunities, Geology is a lucrative career option. The average Geologist salary in India ranges from 12 to 15 Lakhs Per Annum, while more experienced candidates earn around 20 Lakhs Per Annum.


Choosing to be in a Geology career can be extremely rewarding and satisfying if you have the right mindset and skills. With competency and passion for Geology, you too can build a career that is as solid as a rock.

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