India is one of the largest producers of Engineers in the world. One of the biggest questions almost every engineering aspirant faces before taking admission is to which stream to choose. The market is always having different fluctuating trends. Therefore, this choice has become very important in recent times.
The engineering stream that is in demand now, may not be the same when you complete your BE/ B.Tech after 4 years. The scenario might have changed. Therefore, it is important to understand what a particular stream deals with and which one is best suited for you. It is also important to analyze the market conditions before taking up any stream.
Engineering streams are growing and have provided diverse career opportunities. An Engineering aspirant has various options to choose from. Therefore, here are the 10 best engineering streams in the country.
- Computer Science and Engineering:
Computer science can be called the hero of engineering disciplines. It is the backbone of the software industry. The demand for phones, laptops, tablets, etc is ever increasing. From students to professionals, everyone needs these gadgets. This shows the importance of the industry. We cannot imagine a world without computers. As long as the need for computers exists, the need for engineers in this field will also exist.
As a computer science student, you are required to study algorithms, programming languages, operating systems, database systems, computer graphics, machine language and artificial intelligence. TCS, Wipro, Infosys, L&T are the top companies that provide high salary jobs to computer engineers.
- Mechanical Engineering:
Mechanical Engineering has been very promising in the market and has been consistent even during the economic fall. The demand for mechanical engineers has always been rising.
The syllabus of mechanical engineering includes applying the parameters of physics and material science for the design, working, manufacturing and analysis of mechanical systems. It involves the design and development of machine tools for solving mechanical issues.
Apart from the other general job areas of mechanical engineers, they are also high on demand in the thermal industry, aerospace industry, agricultural sector, aviation companies, shipping industries and armed forces. This stream is the most preferred by students for admissions in recent years.
- Civil Engineering:
It can be called the backbone of infrastructure of any country. It is one of the core engineering streams. Construction of real estate, bridges, dams, highways that connect the country are all the result of civil engineering. One needs to have a good knowledge of mathematics and science, because the job involves design and supervision of construction of different types of buildings.
Civil Engineer graduates are high on demand in Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Construction, Urban development, coastal and ocean, transportation and material are few of the important branches of civil engineering.
- Electrical Engineering:
This is another core engineering course and the demand for electrical engineers has been rising to fulfil the power needs of the country. If we see the infrastructure of our country, it largely depends on the power supply and therefore, this field has been very consistent. It involves the study of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism.
The field is divided into various streams including, telecommunications, radio-frequency, power engineering, signal processing, microelectronics and instrumentations. You can get a job at the steel factories, railways, etc. Bajaj Electronics Pvt. Ltd. is one of the top recruiters of electrical engineer graduates in the country.
- Chemical Engineering:
Chemical Engineering is applied to the testing of food, drugs and fuels. The process consists of converting raw materials and chemicals into valuable forms. From the production of food, drugs, genes, healthcare products, etc. chemical engineering is somehow connected to our lives. It aims towards improving the quality of life.
The job sectors for a chemical engineer include Nuclear, Bio-Medical, chemists, chemical technicians, etc. but are not limited to these. This happens to be one of the highly paid branches of engineering.
- Aerospace Engineering:
Aerospace Engineering has 2 branches. Aeronautical and astronautical engineering. The former one deals with designs and manufacturing of aircraft operating within the earth?s atmosphere. The latter one deals with the design, working and manufacturing of spacecraft. Astronautical Engineering requires the manufacturing of satellites, rockets and space shuttles. It is one of the most difficult fields in engineering that works with the new trends and changes in the aviation, space and defence fields.
Aerospace Engineers have wide job opportunities in the field defence, research organizations, aircraft manufacturing and also development of the equipment used by space scientists. Companies like NASA and ISRO are the top recruiters in this field.
- Petroleum Engineering:
With the increasing demand for crude oil and natural gas, this field is increasing ten-fold. Petroleum engineers are one of the highest-paid engineers across the world.
Petroleum engineers mainly deal with the extraction and purification of fuels. It also plays a vital role in finding the location of the availability of the fuel by researching into different dimensions. It is an interesting and quite engaging job only if you find this particular field interesting. The demand for petroleum engineers depends on the availability of fuel.
- Nuclear Engineering:
Nuclear Engineering is an important field for those interested in Physics. The study of Nuclear Physics is a major part of the curriculum. In-depth study about the fusion and fission of atomic and subatomic particles is a good part of nuclear engineering syllabus.
It involves the design, maintenance and interaction of systems and components like nuclear power plants, nuclear reactors, etc. This field also will include the study of medical and other different kinds of radiation. This is another risky stream of engineering that provides a lot of scope and opportunity.
- Biotech Engineering:
Any applications that use biological systems/ living organisms to make products is known as biotechnology. This field is a mixture of Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Microbiology, and Genetics.
Anti Biotics is a result of Biotech Engineering. This field also has a role to play in animal husbandry, pollution control, energy production and conservation, healthcare, agriculture, vaccines, fertilisers, etc. All these fields have jobs for biotech engineering graduates.
- Agricultural Engineering:
This stream is about mixing agriculture with engineering in order to boost agricultural productivity and improve the methods associated with farming. Chemistry, Soil Science, Agricultural Machinery, Energy Sources and Product Preservation are the important subjects covered in this stream.
Research Engineer, Purchase Manager, Logistics Officer, Resource Manager, Farm/Plantation Manager are few of the many job roles for an Agricultural Engineer graduate.