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Students from Cameroon

Cameroon is located in the western part of Central African Region. It is officially called as Republic of Cameroon. Bearing the shape of an elongated triangle, it is bordered by Republic of Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guiana to its south, Central African Republic to its east, Chad to its northeast and Nigeria in the west. The principal rivers of Cameroon include the Sanaga and Nyong rivers which flow west to the Atlantic Ocean, and the Mbèrè and Logone rivers that flow north from the central plateau into Lake Chad. Cameroon experiences a tropical climate - humid in the south but increasingly dry towards the north. While about half of the people of Cameroon live in urban areas, the other half, consisting of farmers, live in small towns or villages in southern and central Cameroon. Agriculture forms the base of its economy. Natural resources like petroleum, timber, bauxite and natural gas forms major resources of its economy.

The educational system in a country is a formal organization of the educational, academic and professional pathway. In Cameroon, the educational system is dependent on the colonial legacy. Since the country was under the trusteeship of France and Great Britain, the educational system was divided into two sub-systems namely the French-speaking and English-speaking sub-systems. Both sub-systems coexist maintaining each its particular methods of evaluation and certification. Besides government schools, private religious and secular schools occupy a prominent place.

The educational system of Cameroon is very popular in Africa. The method of learning is different in the eastern and the western part of Cameroon. The Education system consists of the NURSERY EDUCATION for which the entrance age for kindergarten is 4 years and studies last 2 years; Primary Education which is a fundamental right and compulsory to all. School is compulsory for children between the ages of six and 14 years. The government introduced free primary education in 2000. After completing primary education, a student can pursue higher education, depending upon the financial condition of the family. Student can also opt for other vocational training and secondary education. Secondary education consists of two types one is the general for which admission criteria is entrance exam and second is technical education which emphasizes in specializations and is awarded by trade proficiency certificate. This certificate helps in admission for higher studies. So, the secondary educational system is divided into three parts namely, secondary schools, vocational schools and apprenticeships. For higher studies a student can take admission in any of the six public varsities of Cameroon.

Cameroon education industry has incurred a severe downfall in the recent years. Corruption and poor governance and poverty majorly sum up as the main barrier for its growth which is seen specifically in the primary education. A decade ago the structure of primary school administration in Africa started to change from a centralised bureaucracy to a more decentralised management approach. In Cameroon primary education is supposed to be free. In South Africa only half of the educators interviewed believed that rules relating to school fees and fee exemption are respected. Gross enrolment in South Africa has been declining since 1999, according to World Bank data.

The key findings show that lack of governance can have profound effects for pupils and teachers alike.

In Africa three out of four principals estimate that they don't have the means required to run the schools: facilities which include desks, toilets, electricity and water supply. Moreover Absenteeism of teachers also contributed as a reason for a poor level of education. The teachers are not well skilled in terms of writing, speaking and understanding. Communication skills, social skills, professional skills, study and reading skills are skills that most teachers in Cameroon do not posses at the elementary school teacher level.

The parents are unable to afford for text books considering the poverty level and also the high rate of unemployment of school products.

At least 70% of the population still works in agriculture. Most carry out subsistence farming where they grow enough food for their families and possibly earn a little money from cash crops.

Though Cameroon's economy has been growing steadily, jobs in the formal sectors are hard to find and unemployment is high.

For all these reasons students looking for higher studies migrate to different parts of the world in a hope of a better future ahead. Students from Cameroon have been coming to India for higher studies from days long ago, one of the most revered places for higher studies being Bangalore in Karnataka.

Reasons for studying in Bangalore:

Bangalore also known as the garden city is India's third most populous city and Silicon Valley of India. Located on the southern part of India, Bangalore enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year due to high elevation. The city is also very green unlike many other Indian metropolitan cities. Bangalore is one of the fastest growing city in India and world too so a lot of opportunities exists for youngsters, So by studying in Bangalore, students get a better exposure.

The recruitment rate is quite good in this fast emergent city, it provides the students a platform to choose the best of careers. Bangalore is very famous among youngsters, and most sought out destination for higher education in India. The institutions have excellent teaching environments. The faculties are friendly and are ready to reach out to the problems of the students without any delay. Along with rigorous campus studies and projects, a student also finds quantity time for relaxation.

Talking about relaxation, Bangalore is a storehouse of a massive variety of international cuisines, pubs and shopping malls and a reason for the generation of a lot of disposable income by the young people in the city. Bangalore is located close to various tourist hubs such as Mysore, Mangalore, Goa, Ooty and many more. The artistic side of the city is very inspiring as there are historic palaces, old temples and palaces and monuments. Bangalore is a well planned city. Numerous multinationals have their base here. Some of them being IBM, TCS, INFOSYS and WIPRO. This also gives students opportunity to study by co-existing with job environments. And so, institutions are coming up in large numbers using the large level of campus recruitment.

As a booming IT and Financial hub, Bangalore is considered quite expensive city in India. Nevertheless students live in reasonably cheap University hostels and youth hostels. The travel and food are also reasonable. Students from all over the country as well as world come to Bangalore to pursue to long cherished dreams. Studying in Bangalore proves to be a pleasurable experience for students as the student life is very enjoyable due to diversity of culture.

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