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Pharmacy is the health profession that links the health sciences with the chemical sciences and it is charged with ensuring the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The word derives from the Greek: φάρμακον (pharmakon), meaning "drug" or "medicine" (the earliest form of the word is the Mycenaean Greek pa-ma-ko, attested in Linear B syllabic script).

The scope of pharmacy practice includes more traditional roles such as compounding and dispensing medications, and it also includes more modern services related to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. Pharmacists, therefore, are the experts on drug therapy and are the primary health professionals who optimize medication use to provide patients with positive health outcomes.

An establishment in which pharmacy (in the first sense) is practiced is called a pharmacy, chemist's or drug store. In the United States and Canada, drug stores commonly sell not only medicines, but also miscellaneous items such as candy (sweets), cosmetics, and magazines, as well as light refreshments or groceries.

The word pharmacy is derived from its root word pharma which was a term used since the 15th–17th centuries. In addition to pharma responsibilities, the pharma offered general medical advice and a range of services that are now performed solely by other specialist practitioners, such as surgery and midwifery. The pharma (as it was referred to) often operated through a retail shop which, in addition to ingredients for medicines, sold tobacco and patent medicines. The pharmas also used many other herbs not listed.

In its investigation of herbal and chemical ingredients, the work of the pharma may be regarded as a precursor of the modern sciences of chemistry and pharmacology, prior to the formulation of the scientific method.

India has a vast and growing pharmaceutical industry. Increasing number of hospitals, nursing homes and pharmaceuticals companies all over the country is a clear indication of the growing scope in this area. Pharmacy offers reasonably good career opportunities both by way of jobs as well as in terms of starting your own business.

The job avenues for a pharmacist are with pharmaceutical industry, government departments, universities, teaching hospitals, investigation and research institute etc. Within the pharmaceutical industry you might be involved in activities relating to the development, formulation, production or marketing of new drugs for clinical use. Drug control administration and armed forces also offer a wide range of opportunities to pharmacists. Appointments are also available in sale promotion work as medical representatives. As a Medical Representative he keeps the medical practitioner informed about the new drugs and treatments developed by various pharmaceutical companies and thus indirectly promote their sales.

M.pharm or Ph.D holders are normally absorbed in research work, to develop new useful drugs, in laboratories and in production work in pharmaceutical industry and analyzing them for purity and strength. Pharmacist may also take up teaching as a profession as lectures in pharmacy colleges and universities.

Pharmacists are hired within the central and state government departments- the Health Protection Branch of the Department of Health and Welfare, the Pest Control Division of Agriculture, the Department of National Defense, Provincial Research Councils, and the Provincial Departments of Agriculture or the Environment. There is also employment opportunities within the food and cosmetic industries or within any other industry that requires the assurance that new products are as safe and effective as possible. In government departments, a pharmacist maintains proper records according to various Government acts governing the profession of pharmacy.

As a drug inspector or government analyst he is to make sure that the drugs manufactured and sold, are of standard quality.

A diploma or degree holder in Pharmacy, after registering with the State Pharmacy Council, can set up and run their own pharmacy or chemists and druggists shop to stock and sell medicines and dispense them according to doctors prescriptions. In a retail Pharmacy he has varied duties, including buying and selling of related items demanded by the public.

D Pharmacy:

Pharmacy is a field in medicine which links health science with chemical science. Diploma in Pharmacy is an undergraduate Diploma course in the medical field of pharmacy. It enables a candidate to know the basic concepts of pharmaceutical science.The course consists of two academic years and practical training session. Students can study this education course after successfully completing Standard Twelve in science stream with Physics, Chemistry and either Biology or Mathematics as subjects.

A diploma or degree holder in Pharmacy, after registering with the State Pharmacy Council, can set up and run their own pharmacy or chemists and druggists shop to stock and sell medicines and dispense them according to doctor's prescriptions. In a retail pharmacy, candidate have varied duties, including buying and selling of related items demanded by the public.

Candidates have a huge career scope both in government as well as private organizations.They also have good scope in various Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals companies in foreign countries. One of the main advantages of securing a job abroad is that the pay scale is much higher than the companies in India.

Colleges offering D Pharm in Bangalore:

  • Al-Ameen college of Pharmacy
  • Anupama College of Pharmacy
  • Acharya & B M Reddy College of Pharmacy
  • Gautam College of Pharmacy
  • Karnataka college of pharmacy
  • Krupanidhi college of pharmacy
  • M E S College of Pharmacy
  • Milind College of pharmacy
  • Nargund College of Pharmacy
  • Oxford College of pharmacy
  • P E S College of pharmacy
  • St John's Pharmacy College
  • Mallige College of Pharmacy
  • Aditya Bangalore Institute of Pharmacy Education and Research
  • B E S Institute of Pharmacy
  • East West College of Pharmacy
  • Mahalakshmi College of Pharmacy
  • Rural College of Pharmacy

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